When you travel to China, you should not miss the following attractions.
1. Great Wall
The Chinese Great Wall is the great construction in the history of human civilization. It was praised as the Eighth Wonder of the World many years ago. The construction of the Great Wall began during the Spring and Autumn Period to the Warring Period (770BC-221BC). After unification of China by Qinshihuang (the first emperor in China), Qinshihuang ordered his people to build a new wall on the base of the original one in large scale. Subsequent dynasties continued to strengthen and extend the wall. The most part of the extant wall from Shanhaiguan in Pohai to Jiayuguan in Gansu Province were built by Ming dynasty (1386 – 1644AC). The Great Wall is 7.8 meters high, 6.5 meters across at its base and 5.8 meters at its top. There is a watchtower rise to about 12 meters every one hundred meters.
Dating back to the Spring and Autumn Period, more walls were put up to defend the borders of the different kingdoms and nomad nationalities in the northern China. The Great Wall had become the dominant fortification for Han people since Qin Dynasty. In fact, the walls didn't resist the attacks of the dangerous enemies. Ming Dynasty tried their best to renovate the wall, regardless of the expense to humans in effort, time and financial well-being, but ironically, the leader of Qirat not only led his army to crack the defense of the wall, but also took the emperor Yingzong of Ming Dynasty alive in 1499AC. At any rate, the Great Wall is just a wall which cannot protect a nation. Interestingly, the most prosperous Tang Dynasty was one of dynasties which never renovated the wall.
The Great Wall is the symbol of the Chinese civilization. It is the fruit of the Chinese nation's wisdom. Now, the Great Wall is the famous scenic spot attracting tens of thousands of tourists. There is a well-known Chinese saying on the wall, "He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man". The Great Wall was selected on the list of the World Heritage in 1987.
2. Forbidden City
As the largest and best-preserved ancient royal building complex in the world, the Palace Museum (must-see for affordable china tours) is a reflection of the highest architecture level in ancient China.
Forbidden City, located in the center of Beijing, is the largest, best-preserved in the world. The Forbidden City used to be the imperial palace of Ming Dynasty which began to be built in 1406 AD and completed in 1420 AD with toilsome work of tens of thousands of laborers. The rectangle-shaped palace is 961 meters from south to north and 753 meters from west to east. It covers an area of 725,000 square meters and the building area is 155,000 square meters with 8,707 rooms. The wall of palace is 12 meters high and 3,400 meters long. There is a moat with the length of 52 meters around the palace. In this way, the palace becomes a strong and impregnable castle. The building complex was laid out very precisely in accordance with a feudal code of architectural hierarchy which designated specific feature for reflecting the paramount authority and status of the emperor.
There are four gates to enter the palace, respectively named Wu Gate in the south, the main entrance, Donghua Gate in the east, Xihua Gate in the west and Shenwu Gate in the north.. The Wu Gate has five arches and the middle arch was specially constructed for the emperor. This is also the central axis of the palace and Beijing City. In the past, even though you are the high-ranking government official, you are only allowed to go across the side arch to enter the palace. Construction of the National Palace on the basis of its layout and function is divided into the exterior and interior imperial court. Centering round Hall of Supreme Harmony, Hall of Central Harmony and Hall of Preserving Harmony, the exterior is the place where feudal rulers exercised their power and held festivals and rituals. The interior court includes Palace of Heavenly Purity, Hall of Union, Palace of Earthly Tranquility, Hall of Mental Cultivation, etc. It's the place where the emperor and his family lived.
In 1911 the last feudal dynasty, the Qing, fell to the republic revolutionaries. The last emperor, continued to live in the palace after his abdication until expelled in 1924. On October 10, 1925, the Forbidden City became the Palace Museum and was opened to the public. Many parts of the palace were destroyed by the war, age and bad weather. After the establishment of People's Republic of China, the palace has been renovated in large scale by the government since 1950s. In 1961, the Palace Museum was designated national key cultural relics under state protection. In 1987, the Palace Museum was selected on the World Heritage List.
3. Terracotta Warriors
The Terracotta Warriors, also referred as Terracotta Warriors and Horses, is located in east of Lintong District of Xian (starting point for top China tours), China, lying Lishan Mountain in south and facing Weihe River in north. With its large scale and overwhelming momentum, the Terracotta Warriors is regarded as the Eighth World Wonder and was listed into 5A world cultural heritage in 1987.
The Terracotta Warriors is a collection of terracotta figures showcasing the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a representative of funerary art in ancient China and these figures and horses were all buried with Qinshihuang, protecting the emperor after he died. The Terracotta Warriors was discovered in 1974 by some local farmers in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi province when they were digging wells. There are three main square-shaped pits hosting these warriors, chariots and horses. According to the discovery, there are over 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses buried in these three pits.
Pit one is the largest among the three, which is 5 meters in depth and 14260 square meters in coverage, hosting 6000 plus terracotta figures and horse totally. In the east of this pit stand three rows of terracotta soldiers carrying far-shooting weapons and compose the vanguard of this army. Behind finds the main part of the army composed of 6000-armored soldiers armed with bows and 35 four-horse-pulled chariots. Figures in the Terracotta Warriors are generally 1.8 meters high, vivid in postures and diversified facial expressions. If careful enough, you would see they are different with others in face, hair, posture and verve, from which we could see they are from different area, ethnic group and thus different personality. The horses stand up-straightly and some are roaring and some keeping silent. The height of the figures is varied depending on their roles, and the tallest one is the general of the army. This site represents the sophisticated sculpturing skill of Tang Dynasty in ancient China.
Terracotta Warriors is now mesmerizing uncountable travelers home and abroad to pay a visit annually for their China best tours. Come here and discover why so many people travel here despite of fatigue and long journey!
Top China Attractions for your travel