Photo a high performance ATX Systemboard as one huge metropolis inside your computer (which, at first look, actually does appear like one). This is even more obvious if you take out the motherboard and placed the other components in place for a closer appearance. Without more ado, welcome to the Motherboard City; populace: dependent on installed components.
The chipset can be thought about the downtown area of this urban area, due to the fact that most of the functions of the CPU can be found here. The chipset is divided into two blocks, the Northbridge and the Southbridge, linked by an interior bus like the major urban area highway. The Northbridge houses the processor and the memory control hub. The Southbridge houses the hookups for a PC's internal and external storage like SATA hard drives and USB flash drives.
RAM and Graphics.
Just outside the Northbridge are two sets of slots allocated for RAM modules and graphics cards-- the things that make the current games run faster and appear realistic. The RAM modules allow the PC to take care of several active and passive jobs at a provided time without slowing down. Graphics cards, on the other hand, help render computer graphics better.
You can state that the Southbridge handles inbound and outgoing traffic, provided that it houses the storage harbors. The Southbridge manages your storage drives and external flash drives linked to the computer. The ports you see at the back of the CPU are all connected to the Southbridge, which isn't straight linked to the CPU.
The Southbridge gets more work since it's the only portal for the external equipment to deliver information deep into the CPU. Links for the keyboard, mouse, CD drive, and other peripherals are managed by the Southbridge. Some PC units still use the old but dependable Super I/O outlet, while others go USB. It's as if the Southbridge is the business and suburban district of the city, because it's always busy.
You can see a straightforward diagram of the structure of a normal motherboard by checking out Duartes.org. The alignment of the components, however, may differ depending on the producer. For instance, an ATX Systemboard may not have the same appearance as a high performance system board for HP Pavilion Dv2500.
Various Ports and Parts of a First Class ATX Systemboard