Most dental conditions involve damage and degeneration to the layered structures that form the teeth and gums. The main structural components of each tooth include the enamel, dentine, pulp and root. The enamel is a hard, calcium-based outer layer that covers and protects the entire tooth above the gum line. The dentine forms a protective bone like layer of tissue underneath the enamel and also lines the root, which is the part of the tooth below the gum line. The tooth pulp lies beneath the dentine and mostly consists of nerves and blood vessels, which nourish each tooth. The gum surrounds and supports the root of each tooth, which are fixed in place with periodontal ligaments and cementum, which is a calcified adhesive substance. Seeing the best Greenville dentists for dental problems is very important.
Tooth sensitivity can develop when the dentine becomes exposed, either due to areas of enamel being worn away or when the gums start receding to expose the root of a tooth. The nerves within the root are linked to the dentine and will often generate a pain response when it becomes exposed. The level and duration of discomfort and its triggers may vary. Common triggers include hot, cold, sugary and acidic food and drinks, intensive tooth brushing and cold air. The main contributing factors leading to tooth enamel erosion and root exposure include tooth decay and damage, gum (periodontal) disease, intensive tooth brushing and ageing of the gums.
Tooth decay and Gum disease (gingivitis)
Tooth decay occurs when the enamel and dentine is dissolved away by bacteria and acids to a point where it is unable to repair itself, resulting in the gradual formation of a hole or cavity. The main cause of tooth decay is due to consumption of excess sugars, which are converted by bacteria into acids and plaque that build up and break down the surfaces of the tooth. Nutritional deficiencies and ageing may also cause weaknesses in maintaining the gums and strong enamel that protects against decay. The main outcomes of tooth decay are toothache, destruction and infection, bad breath and gum disease at later stages. Superficial gum disease, known as gingivitis, is characterized by inflammation of the gums caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar between the teeth and gums. The reason plaque and tartar lead to gum disease is because they attract bacteria that release toxins, which produce inflammation of the surrounding gum tissue (gingiva). Common symptoms of gingivitis include bad breath and swollen, reddened, sore and bleeding gums, particularly after brushing teeth. The main cause of gingivitis is plaque and tartar build up, often associated with a lack of oral hygiene. Additional risk factors include genetic susceptibility, menopause, menstrual conditions and pregnancy, use of medications that cause dry mouth, stress, smoking and more serious underlying illnesses, such as diabetes and HIV. Make sure to get best treatments from the Greenville dentists.
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