Mental disorders and their causes are generally more difficult to understand due to their complexity. Problems like dyslexia and schizophrenia may show different symptoms in different individuals. This is because mental disorders exist in various types depending upon the effect they have on the patient’s behavior. Dyslexia is often difficult to diagnose as patients with learning problems try to hide their concerns. It is imperative for parents to know the most prominent symptoms and types of this disorder so that its existence can be diagnosed early and proper treatment can be provided to the child.
Two different types of dyslexia are dysphonetic dyslexia and dyseidetic dyslexia.
Dysphonetic dyslexia – The first type, which is dysphonetic dyslexia, is a type of disorder in which the patient feels difficulty in associating sounds with symbols. He may find great difficulty in sounding out words and often pronounce them in a wrong manner. Also, they will not be able to spell words correctly and often make spelling mistakes. Even after telling them the right way of spelling and pronouncing they may make the same mistake again and again. This type of dyslexia is also called auditory dyslexia as it is somewhat related to how the person hears words and processes them in his mind.
Dyseidetic dyslexia – This type of dyslexia is associated with a wrong recognition and spelling of words. People suffering from this type of dyslexia may have a good grasp of phonetic concepts but they make spelling mistakes as they fail to make a picture of the word in their mind. Generally, when a normal person reads a word, he makes a picture of the same thing in his mind due to which he can speedily read the word and understand the meaning of the sentence. Dyseidetic dyslexic patients fail to do so. They may read the word “cat” as “mat” or the word “bin” as “din” or “nib”. There may be a reversal of words as well as letters. This type of dyslexia is also called visual or surface dyslexia as it is associated with how the person sees a word mentally or interprets it.
The methods of treating different types of dyslexia are somewhat the same as all that the dyslexic patients need is more time and easier ways to understand a language. Unfortunately, dyslexia cannot be completely treated but it can be dealt with by easier methods of learning phonetics. There are a number of institutes and special schools that have trained staff to teach children with a learning disability like dyslexia. The dyslexia tutors know how to determine the type of dyslexia the person is suffering from and evaluate his weaknesses and special skills. It is important to mention here that in some cases, the dyslexic children are found to be more skilled than other children of their age but due to their disability, they fail to use these skills.
By providing them with the help they need, they can be made to read, write and comprehend like a normal child of their age.
Difference Between Two Common Types of Dyslexia