Plasma is a major constituent of human blood that is packed up of large number of proteins in it. These plasma proteins play a major role in transportation of blood and various other vital substances in human body. These proteins are responsible to carry out vital body functions like blood clotting, defending body against attacks by diseases, transportation of various substances in the blood and cleansing the blood by flushing out the toxins. This miracle substance plasma works as a firewall protecting the human body against external agents and keeping it healthy.
However by Donating Plasma one can contribute this substance for helping the other fellow beings. The plasma when taken out from human body can be fractionated, purified, and used to treat diseases caused from defects in these plasma components of other human bodies. Donating Plasma is helping the healthcare industry to develop range of Plasma Products that can be used as a medication in treatment of various chronic diseases.
These plasma derived proteins or Plasma Products are developed by collecting the Donating Plasma samples of thousands of donors. Once collected appropriate processing is done and the product is preserved for future use. However, the processing of plasma is very costly and time taking. Blood plasma once processed can be used in manufacture of various Plasma Products.
The major Plasma Products that are derived from human blood plasma are:
- Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG)
- Clotting Factors
- Hyper Immunes
Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG):
Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) contains pooled, polyvalent, IgG extracted from the plasma of over one thousand blood donors. It is a blood product that is administered intravenously to the patients. This Plasma Product is used to treat immune deficiencies, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, and acute infections in the human body. When IVIG is administered to the patients it effect last up to 2weeks to 3 months in the body.
Serum albumin is the most abundant blood plasma protein constituting about 60% of whole blood plasma protein. It is produced in the liver and is responsible for regulating osmotic pressure of the human blood compartments. The albumins also act as carriers for molecules of low water solubility, hormones, bile salts, calcium and various drugs in the human body. Albumin is often used to replace lost body fluid and to help restore blood concentration levels in various conditions like trauma, burns and surgeries in patients.
Clotting Factors are the unique plasma products that can be derived only form human blood plasma. They are the best known plasma products and the key components of coagulation. These plasma products are administered to patients who are genetically unable to produce all of the components necessary for Blood clotting. The most commonly known need is for Factor VIII, a Blood clotting agent, by hemophiliacs.
Hyper Immunes are also like Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) except that it is developed from the Donating Plasma samples of donor with high titers of specific antibody count in them. These Plasma Products administration provides passive immunity to the patient against various agents in the human body. They provide instant results but have serious side effects also associated with their dosage.
Seemingly all these plasma products are proving to be very useful in increasing the immunity of the patients and curing various diseases. By Donating Plasma all individuals can contribute in the development of medicines and vaccines form which these exclusive products to save lives of many patients around the world. Also, the donors are paid on each of their plasma donations so earning while doing a noble deed.