Autism or autism Spectrum Disorder (ADS) is a common form of brain disorder that affects normal growth and intelligence in a child. The child with autism doesn’t build up proper social skills and may have difficulties in contenting themselves with the surrounding. They may also develop certain other impairments such as – locomotive, speech, learning etc. They may suffer from abnormalities in muscle formation along with subnormal intelligence, erratic sleep pattern, gastronomical problems, seizures, immune dysfunction etc.
Often an autistic child has problems in learning in normal ways and has problems in articulation. Since they have no visible disability people may have difficulties in understanding their problem. To normal people conduct of an autistic patient may seem erratic and improper.
Doctors and researchers are yet to indentify the reason that causes some children to born with Autism. However, a common theory is that it is caused by the presence of certain element in one’s gene. It can’t be substantiated through since in many cases a child with autism has no history of the disease in his family. Nonetheless, around 1.1% population in UK is affected from autism, i.e. around 695,000 people were affected by the condition according to 2011 census.
Autism unfortunately has no cure. A child affected with the condition may require continuous treatment and therapies to continue living a somewhat normal life. Treatment for autism comprises therapies to help the child learn and develop certain social skills. It is targeted to lessen the deficits. As the child may also have learning disabilities they are offered special education.
Autism can influence different patients in different ways and hence, individual training plans need to be developed according to the child’s needs. Patients of ASD or multiple form of autism may develop multiple dysfunctions and therefore, would require special care. Therapies for autism are aimed to help the child grow self-dependency and esteem.
The most common forms of therapies offered to autistic children are as follows:
- Occupational Therapy
- Speech Therapy
- Structured Teaching
- Applied Behavior Analysis or ABA Therapy
- Social Skills Development Therapy
- Speech and Language Therapy
- Hippo therapy (Occupational Therapy through horseback riding to help children with sensory processing disorder)
- GFCF Diet
- Psychiatric or Psychotherapy Sessions
Apart from the above, normal education, swimming, physical training, vision therapy and aqua therapy also comprise treatment for autism. Normally, a team of therapists will be assigned to conduct and supervise the treatment process of the child.
Early diagnosis can help in achieving greater success. If you find some erratic conduct in your child seek immediate medical intervention.
Apart from professional therapists an autistic child also needs compassionate parenting. It is important to understand the special requirements of your special child to encourage him live a normal life.