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Second annual report (FY 2012) of the GSF Programme in India

by nrmcindia

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GSF in India is being increasingly recognised for its use of proven approaches and experienced partners to promote sustainable sanitation. GSF has been able to demonstrate what the states had continuously faltered to achieve- sustainable ODF environments and behaviour change at scale. GSF has established its niche role in the sanitation sector as of facilitator and enabler to effectively utilise the government resources and achieve sustainable sanitation at scale. It is part of all major policy and practice initiatives of Governments because of its effective delivery and successful approaches. The sanitation sector has been elusive to the poor and marginalised. On-line TSC/NBA information indicates that 60% of the below-poverty-line population is covered. However census data stated that of the 45% of the rural population (2.1 million households) that is in the ST/SC groups only 4% have a toilet of any type. GSF programme in five most remote districts of Jharkhand has demonstrated social inclusion by adopting inclusive approaches, improved community mobilisation and targeting. It has addressed the special needs of physically challenged, adolescent girls and women and children. Substantial part of the users benefitting from GSF intervention is BPL, primitive tribes and Scheduled Caste and Tribes.

The programme has been effective and successful in supporting community-level interventions aimed at enabling access and effective use of improved sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion at scale in Jharkhand. To date more than 1100 villages have been triggered for sanitation and hygiene and around 240 villages have attained open defecation environment. This has been achieved through demand-driven approaches that emphasize high quality awareness creation, demand generation and capacity building efforts. It is for the first time that community led approaches have been used at this scale in North India and that a programme which is based on creation and co-financing with state has been implemented at this scale.

The programme through its strategic interventions has been able to support institutional strengthening and capacity building at the State, District and Sub-district levels in Jharkhand to enable them to better respond to communication and capacity development needs. The TNA exercise undertaken in the programme is fully owned and internalised by the Department. A successful capacity building intervention from the programme is scheduled to substantially improve the way sanitation is planned, implemented and monitored and managed in the intervention states. The programme on account of its outreach strategy has been able to attract all major stakeholders to participate and contribute to the GSF programme in India. Its call for EOI under the second funding round has seen massive response from a varied set of institutions that are being kept engaged through different forms and mechanism. Considerable headways have been made in Bihar-the second state chosen for large grant support, and the programme is poised to commence in March 2013.

The nrmc India Team takes pride in its role as Executing Agency of Global Sanitation Fund in India. It acknowledges the strategic support of GSF, especially the Programme Officer, who has been very supportive of the plans and actions of EA and provided proactive support. NRMC also acknowledges the guidance and advice it receives from the PCM of the GSF in India which has been of immense help and relevance in institutionalising new principles and approach to sanitation and hygiene in India.

Author Bio:

NR Management Consultants India Private Limited (NRMC), India is a development sector organisation providing advisory and project management support .It stands at the forefront of matching sustainable development problems with proven strategies, methods, and tools to achieve broad-based, equitable solutions at local, national and international levels.

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