Psychiatry is the term dedicated to the medical study of mental disorders and their treatment. The term 'psychiatry' was first introduced by a German physician Johann Christian Reil in 1808, which means the medical treatment of soul. There can be many possibilities to mental disorders and these have been classified as affective abnormality, behavioral abnormality, cognitive abnormality and perceptual abnormality. The mental state of a person is judged by the way a person feels, acts, thinks or perceives. This is examined by the psychiatrist with regard to functioning of different parts of the brain, one's nervous system and social context. Appraisals and evaluations are being made by psychiatrist, clinical psychologists and clinical social workers using variety of ways. The most popular and initial way is the questioning and observing the patient. Clinical medications are offered by mental health professionals.
It was long ago when mental disorders were divided into three main categories: personality disorders, neuroses and psychoses. With the passage of time the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) in the US and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) has defined the names, symptoms and description of disorders. According to these institutions the various types of mental disorders are mood disorders, addiction disorders and eating disorders. Treatment within psychiatry includes a wide range of approaches like psychoactive medication, psychotherapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation to treat mental illness or disorders.
Within psychiatry treatment patients are treated and diagnosed privately and in hospitals through the combination of psychotherapy and medication. Since these psychiatry practitioners are licensed physicians and psychiatrists, they can prescribe medication and admit patients to medical clinics and hospitals. Other mental health professionals like psychologists and psychiatric social workers do not have this liberty and they form professional relationships with psychiatry professionals to treat their patients successfully. Psychiatrists diagnose and treat the biological, psychological, and social factors of a patient's mental disorder. They evaluate thoroughly the reasons for mental disorders. The reasons can also be hormone imbalance or reaction to medication. They also evaluate and diagnose whether mental illness are not leading to physical conditions like high blood pressure and cardiovascular problems. Psychiatrists are also all the time consulted by government authorities to deal with various issues like juvenile crime, in criminal matters, and for treatment of patients in prison.
Psychotherapy which has gained popularity in modern world, is a treatment in which a psychiatrist and a patient indulge in therapeutic interaction for the treatment of mental disorders and behavioral disturbances to encourage personality growth. This method of treatment is preferred among people to the usage of drugs or electric shock to relieve oneself of emotional disturbances. The problems of the patient judged by the psychiatrist are psychological in nature. Psychotherapy London's services are hired by people to deal with problems like psychological trauma, depression, bereavement, stress and anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder and relationship difficulties. Psychotherapy London also helps clients dealing with cultural specific psychotherapy. Services for those with severe character difficulties are also offered. Services for individuals who have more severe psychological disorders such as affective disorder or clinical depression, psychotic episodes or personality disorder are also offered.
Psychiatry Professionals Use Psychotherapy and Also Prescrib