Obesity is a growing health problem in countries like United States. It mainly happens due to over-eating habits and lack of proper exercise. More and more people are looking for surgical weight loss method, which is quick and efficient than many other weight loss plans. Medical professionals always recommend loosing weight naturally with the help of diet plans and exercise regimes. And, if all these are not working the person should finally opt for surgical methods for weight loss treatment like bariatric surgery methods. In morbid obesity condition a person’s BMI or Body Mass Index is above 40 and it is usually accompanied with life-threatening diseases like heart diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, arthritis, etc.
Different surgical methods have evolved over the past couple of years to treat morbid obesity. Most common type of weight loss surgery is gastric bypass, which takes place by two common methods like Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and Bilio-pancreatic division. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and Vertical sleeve gastrectomy are other bariatric surgery methods used to cut down excess weight and calories. In all the procedures the stomach size is reduced to restrict the intake of food and absorption of calories to reduce weight. In gastric bypass surgery a small stomach pouch is created which bypasses part of small intestine called the duodenum and fewer calories are absorbed. After the surgery, the patient feels full after eating small amounts of food. This method is irreversible and gives more sustainable weight loss results. In Laparoscopic gastric banding, an adjustable silicon band is placed at the mouth of the stomach to make it narrow, which ultimately restricts food intake capacity of the patient. Again, less food intake fewer calories absorbed results into weight loss. This method is reversible where the band can be easily removed and adjusted according to the need. All these methods have proven successful over the years and have helped obese people by giving them confidence to live a much longer life.
All surgeries have some risk and complications involved in their procedure. Similarly in all bariatric surgery methods of weight loss also there have been complications like internal bleeding of the abdominal wall, rupturing of blood vessels, vomiting, slippage of adjustable gastric band, irregular bowel movements, ulcerosis and gastritis. There could be more complications depending on individual conditions and medical status. Every patient going for weight loss surgical methods should be explained all the risk and complication factors associated with all the procedures.
Benefits of bariatric surgery in weight loss treatment