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Features & History of Mt.Huangshan

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1. Features

Outstanding natural beauty is   Huangshan's number one feature. YellowMountain      s classic   attractions (must-see after disembarktion of ship for Yantze River tour) could be counted as five natural wonders: the imaginatively   named pines, oddly-shaped rocks, the sea of clouds, hot springs and   winter snowscapes.

The glow of the sunrise and sunset   draws the crowds to popular viewing spots. Buddha      s Light (an   optical phenomenon like a halo surrounding the observer's shadow, once   thought to show the observer      s enlightenment) may be witnessed.

Compactness means more mountain   scenery for less walking. Huangshan Scenic Area is a mountainous area of   160.6 square kilometers (59 square miles).The main attractions are in a   corridor 6km from west to east and 12km from south to north. It      s   about 500m above sea level at the south gate and the highest peak,   LotusPeak, is 1864.8m high. The 1400m+ peaks are all within 6km. The   1200m+ zone is about 10km in diameter, beyond which the mountains tail   off rapidly in height. Although Huangshan (best spots included in the top 10 China tour packages) is not very impressive in its   dimensions, its features are extremely rugged and sheer.

There are hundreds of peaks and   thousands of ravines in the YellowMountains, 72 of which have been   named. HeavenlyCapitalPeak (1810m), LotusFlowerPeak and Bright Summit   (1860m) are the three major peaks, all rising more than 1,800 meters   (5,900 feet) above sea level. They often have their heads above the   clouds, giving them a majestic appearance. YellowMountain Scenic Area   has two lakes, three waterfalls, 16 springs and 24 brooks all noted for   their outstanding beauty.

There are only two sizeable mountain   chains in Anhui (popular destination making contribution to China tourism), which line up from tail to head, from west to east.   Huangshan represents the head of the taller eastern chain, facing east   towards the Pacific. Huangshan owes its magnificent and regionally best   propensity for collecting clouds to its favorable location and suitable   size, making it the first to really catch moist Pacific air drifting in   from 300+ km (200+ miles) away, past Hangzhou. If Huangshan was less   elevated or further from the open ocean it would not act like the   cloud-catching hand, peaks raised like fingers for mortals to stand on   and view from, that it does.

2. History

The YellowMountains or Huangshan (Huang   means 'yellow' and shan means 'mountain(s)') are not so called because   the mountains are yellow, but because it was named after the legendary   Yellow Emperor (Huang Di) in 747 AD. After that Huangshan began its   ascent to fame. Many Buddhist temples have been built there and, more   recently, it has become a major tourist attraction, because of its   scenic qualities.

It is said that Huangshan is the   place where the Yellow Emperor, the mythical ancestor of the Chinese,   lived, refined precious medicines and became a supernatural being. Xu   Xiake, a noted Chinese geologist in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), who   visited the Yellow Mountains twice, left his praise in this quote: "You   don      t need to see any more mountains after seeing 'the Five   Mountains', and you don't need to see the other four mountains after   seeing Huangshan".

On November 8, 1982, Huangshan was   ratified into the list of Key National-Level Scenic Spots by the State   Council of the People's Republic of China. In 1990, the YellowMountains   were added to the list of World Natural Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Since then, it became popular destination

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