Outstanding natural beauty is Huangshan's number one feature. YellowMountain s classic attractions (must-see after disembarktion of ship for Yantze River tour) could be counted as five natural wonders: the imaginatively named pines, oddly-shaped rocks, the sea of clouds, hot springs and winter snowscapes.
The glow of the sunrise and sunset draws the crowds to popular viewing spots. Buddha s Light (an optical phenomenon like a halo surrounding the observer's shadow, once thought to show the observer s enlightenment) may be witnessed.
Compactness means more mountain scenery for less walking. Huangshan Scenic Area is a mountainous area of 160.6 square kilometers (59 square miles).The main attractions are in a corridor 6km from west to east and 12km from south to north. It s about 500m above sea level at the south gate and the highest peak, LotusPeak, is 1864.8m high. The 1400m+ peaks are all within 6km. The 1200m+ zone is about 10km in diameter, beyond which the mountains tail off rapidly in height. Although Huangshan (best spots included in the top 10 China tour packages) is not very impressive in its dimensions, its features are extremely rugged and sheer.
There are hundreds of peaks and thousands of ravines in the YellowMountains, 72 of which have been named. HeavenlyCapitalPeak (1810m), LotusFlowerPeak and Bright Summit (1860m) are the three major peaks, all rising more than 1,800 meters (5,900 feet) above sea level. They often have their heads above the clouds, giving them a majestic appearance. YellowMountain Scenic Area has two lakes, three waterfalls, 16 springs and 24 brooks all noted for their outstanding beauty.
There are only two sizeable mountain chains in Anhui (popular destination making contribution to China tourism), which line up from tail to head, from west to east. Huangshan represents the head of the taller eastern chain, facing east towards the Pacific. Huangshan owes its magnificent and regionally best propensity for collecting clouds to its favorable location and suitable size, making it the first to really catch moist Pacific air drifting in from 300+ km (200+ miles) away, past Hangzhou. If Huangshan was less elevated or further from the open ocean it would not act like the cloud-catching hand, peaks raised like fingers for mortals to stand on and view from, that it does.
The YellowMountains or Huangshan (Huang means 'yellow' and shan means 'mountain(s)') are not so called because the mountains are yellow, but because it was named after the legendary Yellow Emperor (Huang Di) in 747 AD. After that Huangshan began its ascent to fame. Many Buddhist temples have been built there and, more recently, it has become a major tourist attraction, because of its scenic qualities.
It is said that Huangshan is the place where the Yellow Emperor, the mythical ancestor of the Chinese, lived, refined precious medicines and became a supernatural being. Xu Xiake, a noted Chinese geologist in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), who visited the Yellow Mountains twice, left his praise in this quote: "You don t need to see any more mountains after seeing 'the Five Mountains', and you don't need to see the other four mountains after seeing Huangshan".
On November 8, 1982, Huangshan was ratified into the list of Key National-Level Scenic Spots by the State Council of the People's Republic of China. In 1990, the YellowMountains were added to the list of World Natural Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Since then, it became popular destination
Features & History of Mt.Huangshan