Universities in India, a total of 561 as of now provide the highest level of education. The higher education system in India includes both private and public universities. Public universities are supported by the Government of India and the state governments, while private universities are mostly supported by various societies.
Universities are monitored under various authorities some of which are
AICTE - All India Council for Technical Education
NAAC - National Assessment and Accreditation Council
UGC - University of Grants Commission
AIU - Association of Indian Universities
Universities in India are recognized by the UGC, which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956. The University Grants Commission was formally established only in November 1956 as a statutory body of the Government of India through an Act of Parliament for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education in India.
Most of the Universities in India are indirectly controlled by the Ministry of Human Resource Development and set up by the Central and the State Governments. Because of their establishing authorities, they are respectively termed as ‘Central Universities’ and ‘State Universities’. Apart from these types of Universities, there are other Universities which are Private Universities and Deemed Universities.
1. Central Universities:
Central Universities are those that have been set up by the Department of Higher Education by an Act of Parliament. According to University Grants Commission, as of September 2011, there are 40 Central Universities in India. The Universities that have been set up by the individual state governments are usually referred to as State Universities. Central Universities or Union Universities are established by Act of Parliament and are under the purview of the Department of Higher Education in the Union Human Resource Development Ministry.
2. State Universities:
A State University system is a group of Public Universities supported by an individual state. There are 280 State Universities in India. These systems constitute the majority of public funded Universities in the country. Each state supports at least one such system. A State University system normally means a single legal entity and administration, but may consist of several institutions, each with its own identity as a University. State Universities are run and funded by the State government of each of the States of India.
3. Private Universities:
Private Universities are not operated by governments; there are 107 Private Universities in India. They are approved by the UGC and grant degrees but they are not allowed to have off-campus affiliated colleges.
4. Deemed Universities:
Deemed University India status enables educational institutes to design their own syllabus and course work. There are 134 Deemed Universities in India. They also get the right to set its own guidelines regarding admission and fees. Some of the Deemed Universities in India are also allowed to grant degrees on their own name. Deemed Universities in India get the opportunities to develop their own unique course structure to prepare the students to enter into diverse fields after the completion of their study. Those Deemed Universities which continue to perform well eventually get the status of a full fledged University.
Types of Universities in India