There was an international division of the economy which were peripheral countries that exported raw materials to the core countries to industrialize or those the process and return to countries at higher cost. Countries that were able to exploit this advantageous situation were temperate, Argentina, Uruguay, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The growth of these countries support economic development in export oriented, especially in the agricultural item.
Under this situation, Argentina was inserted into the global market as one of the leading producers and exporters of primary and receivers come of capital, manufacturing and immigrants.
To carry out this model required infrastructure: transportation to take the raw material producing provinces to the port, refrigerator ships for export (all this underpinned with foreign capital) and labor from Europe because of unemployment industrialization. In this way, markets were set up basic factors of any capitalist economy: land, labor and capital.
To remove the country from economic and institutional crisis, the government signed an internal loan to repay foreign debt payments that were due immediately. He also authorized to issue currency by the treasury and restrict the issuing bank for that reason created the Banco de la Nacion Argentina.
It temporarily suspended public works, withdrew the sale of 24,000 miles that the government had offered the European market and canceled some railways.
In 1891, to end the Mitrismo and create a new party, the Radical Civic Union emerged, which was achieved between a political agreement with the ruling and Bartolomé Mitre.
Proclaimed the government sectors had an electoral struggle against opponents as radicals, their leaders imprisoned and proclaimed state of siege. Faced with these conflicts came proclaimed the formula Luis Sáenz Peña-Evaristo Uriburu.
The government that took office in 1910 had serious domestic political problems due to the growing strength of the opponents. When was appointed minister of war Andresito, who had the backing of Pellegrini, Roca and Mitre was removed military forces in the province of Buenos Aires and the provincial bank intervention. This resulted in a radical revolutionary outbreak in Buenos Aires by the struggle to democratize the country.
Because of these facts President Luis Sáenz Peña resigned in January 1895 and assumed the vice Uriburu.
With the advent of the UCR, the new parties were defined as mediating institutions between civil society and government, strong leadership and had proposed a program. In this way, parties were formed as autonomous entities from the State and willing to get the consensus of the population.
The radical was formed with a rigid party structure, which is spread across the country through committees. Radicalism said: voter apathy and the revolutionary logic
Another modern political party was socialism, founded in 1896, which had as its main leader John M. Were also fair and Alfredo Palacios, the brothers Dickmann and Nicolas Repetto. Socialism is based on two elements: the improvement of social and economic status of workers and the momentum of change within the political system.
His principal organ of dissemination was the newspaper La Vanguardia. Like radicalism, socialism, spread across the country, but its strongest electoral base was in the City of Buenos Aires.
In 1910 he assumed the presidential ticket Roque Sáenz Peña Victorino de la Plaza, who sought an understanding with the opposition. To this end, in 1912 won the passage of a new electoral law, which established the basis of military standards, established by secret ballot, compulsory and universal male. It also established the incomplete list system, in which the party obtained the majority occupied two-thirds of the charges and that he obtained the minority, the other third.
The intention with this law was to incorporate and integrate minorities into the system to end the conspiracy.
The radicals were able to succeed in the province of Santa Fé, in Buenos Aires in 1912, the Radicals did not achieve the expected success and were overtaken by the Socialists.
The elections were held in April 1916 and these radicals obtained 339 000 votes and 143 representatives in the electoral college, which was consecrated as the first minority.
To proclaim the presidential ticket required absolute majority in the electoral college. The radicals of Santa Fe voted for the formula of the UCR and consecrated Pelagius Hipólito Yrigoyen-Moon as president and vice president of the Nation. But the Senate and the provincial governments were controlled by conservative groups. Banish the conservatives control the upper house and the provinces, was one of the main objectives of the policy during his presidency Yrigoyen.
British investments, were two thirds of foreign capital, heading mainly to the railroad, these investments contributed much economic weight in the balance of payments, achieving a balance with regard to debts and interest.
The loans taken from abroad, had many obligations, one of which was directed to fund public works, but also other state obligations. Since 1890, the depreciated paper money against gold peso, which was interrupted with the law monetary and Through her converter box that damaged sectors or consume foreign goods imported.
The founding of the city of silver, 19 November 1882, ending what has been termed the "central question". In 1881 he took over the governorship of the province Dardo Rocha. The study aimed at building the new capital of particular concern to Rocha. The engineering department of the province was responsible for designing the plans of the city. 90 The crisis severely hit the opportunism that was in relation to the future of the city. The foundation of this city could be considered a synthesis of that excessive optimism in Argentina that had respect for their future.
Throughout the nineteenth century as a result of the changes introduced by industrialization in Europe, Argentina's received many immigrants, mostly Spanish and Italian. The immigrants settled on the coast, in large port cities such as Buenos Aires, as a result the city began to rebalzar its geographical boundaries. The elite, leaving the south and headed north of the city, however immigrants settled in tenements. One of the characteristics of these sites was the high rate of overcrowding in poor health. These same rooms where families lived, became the home care system. These same tenement became party to infectious disease outbreaks due to lack of hygiene. In 1893 and 1894, a group of tenants tried to form a partnership to bring about improvements in living. Before the end of the year formed a league to combat the high rents and taxes. The government had a definite position to the housing problem, only acting when he thought that private property was in some danger.
The formation of the labor movement in Argentina is inseparable from the study of the immigration process. Its members were mostly foreigners bringing their ideas and experiences in Europe. These labor organizations mainly adhered to socialism and anarchism. The first of these groups was the Labor Organization of socialist who disappeared shortly by organizational problems. In 1902 the Argentine labor movement split into two groups: the Federation Obrera Argentina (FOA) and the General Union of Workers (UGT) that since 1906, the union shifted from management to the Socialists. Despite attempts to realize the unity of the labor movement, this could not be reached by continuing internal conflict.
Since the last decades of the nineteenth century, the state had problems with workers' movements. Front anarchism and social conflicts reacts state repression. In 1902 Congress passed the Residence Act which set the output to any foreigner who committed a crime and eight years later, The Law of Social Defense established the new control measures against the "undesirable aliens." In 1909 he organized strikes and demonstrations to protest the Spain squad in the educator Francisco Ferrer. The police guard, opened fire for no apparent reason, the balance was eight killed and five wounded. Against this, the UGT and the FORA called a general strike until his release the detained protesters. After World War in 1915, the FORA was fractured in a fraction that is now called "FORA IX Congress," union trend, and another sector, the "V Congreso" radical trend. Between the two fractions were filed a bitter controversy, which prevented the unity of the labor movement.