Cymbals are used for expressing the part of the vocal range of the drum set. A standard drum kit set up requires cymbals. There are various kinds of cymbals that can set the full house. The different types of cymbals include hi-hat, splash cymbal, ride cymbal, crash cymbal, sizzle cymbal, and suspended cymbal. The description of few of them are given below:
- Hi-hat: Hi-hat is the core element in the drum set as it's used as the primary time keeper. It is a pair of cymbals that's mounted on the stand. The hi-hat consists of two cymbals. The lower cymbal remains stationary while the upper cymbal is attached to the narrow metal shaft. This goes down into the pedal, where it's controlled with the foot. A hi-hat can be played closed, open, semi open or the pedal can be manipulated so that the cymbals can clash together.
- Splash cymbal: Splash cymbal is a small cymbal that's used for an accent in the drum kit. China cymbals and the splash cymbals are the principal types of effects cymbals. Splash cymbals will sound great when it hits in unison with a snare drum. The name itself give the idea about the sound of the cymbal. The usual function of the splash cymbal is to provide a highly syncopated accent.
- Ride cymbal: Ride cymbal is a type of cymbal, which is considered as the standard part of the most drum kits. The function of this cymbal is to maintain the rhythm, rather than to provide accents. A right handed drummer will place the foremost ride cymbal near the right hand. The ride cymbals vary in thickness, which has an influence on volume, attack, and the tone of the sound.
- Crash cymbal: Crash cymbal produces sharp, loud, and crashing sound and is issued for the occasional accents. One or two crash cymbals are standard part of the drum kit. They are played with the drum stick and are mounted on the stand.
- China cymbal: China cymbals are manufactured to have a crisp, dark, and explosive tone. The origins of these cymbals is traced back to the gong in shape and sound, and hence they are given the name china. The china cymbal can also be used like a splash cymbal. The china type cymbals have a bell that's shaped like a truncated cone with the base at the top of the bell, the outer rim is turned up in the reverse direction to the main bow of the china cymbal.
- Cymbals are available in lots of shape and sizes. There are so small that they can be played with the fingers only. Mallets or drumsticks are also stuck together for making the cymbals sound while it is suspended on a stand.