No one can deny the contribution of Java toward transforming the web. With thousands of websites and web application running on Java platform, it has remained popular over many years. But the popularity of Java is impacted by the emergence of new web application development platforms and tools. Despite offering loads of advantages, the platform also suffers from several limitations. But a developer still has several options to reap the rich features and benefits of the language by overcoming the lacunas.
According to a report related to annual largest Java developer conference posted on Ixonos.com, “Despite challenges Java still has a strong position as an enterprise software development platform. It has potential to grow as a viable ecosystem and technical platform also in the future. Oracle has been taking decisive steps to move the platform forward. But it’s not just Oracle’s Java: a lot of organizations and individuals have invested in the platform more collaboratively than before.”
As a new generation developer has options to choose from several application development frameworks, he can easily evaluate the pros and cons of each platform. It is also important to choose a development platform that completely complements the nature and requirements of the project. So a programmer can always compare the pros and cons of Java as a development platform to take the right decision.
Advantages of Java as a Development Platform
Open Source: Unlike other web application development platforms, Java is open source and free. So a company can easily use the technology without paying any licensing fees. With companies frequently exploring option to reduce project costs, Java has been popular among them for a long time. Also, many companies will continue to use Java as they have already invested in the technology.
Cross Browser Compatible: Developers often decide a web application development platform by keeping in mind the latest trends in technologies. Many companies opt for cross platform technologies to easily target users regardless of their choice of operating system and web browser. As a cross platform technology Java uses Java Virtual Machine (JVM) to translate the original code into byte codes, and then compile it to machine level languages based on the operating system. The feature makes it easier for programmers to build application to target major operating systems and browsers.
Easy to Develop Complex Applications: The frequent changes in user demands have made it essential for companies to launch applications that are both dynamic and powerful. Also, each application has to be complex to meet the varying needs of individual users. As an object oriented language, Java allows users to build complex applications without putting any extra time and effort. The stack and array classes help them in building rapid prototypes, whereas the garbage collection enable programmers to avoid using any interpreters. The features further make it easier to develop complex application without writing lengthy code.
Easy to Learn: The programmers familiar with any C based language can easily learn the Java syntax. Also, the beginners can learn Java from the scratch within a very short span of time. The large and standard class library provided by the platform is also well written. So a programmer can always refer to the documentation to use the Java class libraries.
Option to Reuse Code and Third-Party Libraries: Each developer wants to build a powerful application without writing longer lines of code. As Java web development is widely used by programmers across the world, one can easily access a large collection of code and third-party libraries. Further, the comprehensive documentation available on the web will help programmers in understanding how to use IDEs. Also, a developer can choose from several IDEs to meet the application’s specific requirements.
Limitation of Java as a Development Platform
Support for Limited Programming Languages: As a development platform, Java supports additional programming languages like JRuby and Groovy. But the platform does not users to avail the advantages of these languages to build innovative services. Most developers still use the programming language support extended by Java to create conventional services. Despite allowing developers to invent new programming languages, the underlying platform makes it difficult for them to implement the new language features.
Pre-Ajax User Interfaces: The use of AJAX has transformed the way web applications were being developed. But most Java frameworks are not designed with full AJAX support. For example, commonly used frameworks like JavaDX, Swing and JSF are not the best option to build AJAX user interfaces. So developers look for more innovative and advanced frameworks that allow them to seamlessly incorporate AJAX in the applications.
Complex Frameworks: A number of web application development platforms have made programming simpler and faster. Many developers are using tools like WaveMaker and Microsoft Lightswitch to easily develop enterprise applications. Also, as Java is based on C++, many programmers consider it to be too complex to build enterprise business applications.
Many developers are waiting for the commercial release of Java 8 to avail a number of advantages like lambda functions. The existing features and functionalities provided by Java as a development platform are considered old-fashioned by many programmers. So Oracle has to release Java 8 with more innovative features to make it popular among the new generation of web application developers.
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Top Pros and Cons of Java development Platform