Obesity is a growing health problem. In many developed countries it is included in the list of health disorders, which usually results due to over eating or unhealthy eating habits. Physical condition of obese people often leads to other complications in the body like high cholesterol, breathing problems, heart malfunctions, sleep disorders and fluctuating blood pressure levels. There are many solutions available in the form of weight reduction surgeries to deal with the problem of morbid obesity. There are many weight loss surgeries like Gastric Sleeve, Gastric Band, Gastric Bypass, etc. Out of all these methods, gastric lap band surgery is the least invasive and safest procedures.
Surgical methods for morbid obesity are classified into various categories like restrictive and mal absorptive or both. Lap band surgery or Adjustable Gastric Banding is a popular method that works on the principle of food restriction in the body. It is categorized under the restrictive class of weight reduction surgeries. In this method an adjustable silicone band is placed around the mouth of the stomach to create a small pouch. This small abdomen opening will restrict in less food intake, thus resulting into less consumption of calories in the body. Small quantity of food will fill up the small stomach pouch quickly providing satiety to the person. This silicon band can be adjusted according to the requirement. If need be, this adjustment can be removed easily from the body. This procedure is conducted with the help of laparoscope and the person can be operated with small incisions conveniently. As a result, the stitches are fewer and the patient can recover soon.
It is one of the most successful types of bariatric surgery with minimal risk factors involved. After the surgery, person is expected to experience about 40-55% of weight loss over the next two years. This will not just save the person from obesity, but also from fatal associated diseases. In the next couple of months person usually exhibits control over associated diseases like diabetes, sleep apnoea, hypertension and blood pressure. It has excellent results and the band usually requires only 1or 2 times adjustment during the life time. This adjustment is an outdoor procedure requiring 15-30 minutes only.
Patient is subjected to mandatory intake of protein with multivitamin tablets to prevent any possible nutritional deficiency. Special dietary advice and care tips are given to post-op patients. They are advised regular follow ups for a couple of months. However, doctors recommend, morbidly obese people should first try to reduce weight with the help of exercise or dieting techniques. Every type of surgery has some side-effects and risks; hence weight loss surgery should be the last option.
Lap band surgery: The modern day weight loss solution