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Industrial Desalination and Water Reuse:

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The focus of investment in desalination and reuse is changing. The boom in municipal desalination and reuse which quadrupled the size of that market over the past decade has mostly played itself out. Now the smart money is on industrial water – with water intensive industries investing in water technologies that enable them to use water more efficiently, this is the fastest growing sector of the water market today. http://www.bharatbook.com/market-research-reports/water-market-research-report/industrial-desalination-and-water-reuse-ultrapure-water-challenging-waste-streams-and-improved-efficiency.html

Water technology companies need to position themselves now to take advantage of this growth – or miss out. Industrial desalination and water reuse is your key to this market. From the continuously advancing ultrapure water systems that underpin the pharmaceutical and microelectronics industries to the to the high recovery technologies becoming more prevalent for produced water management, we show you the opportunities

Covers: Oil and Gas, Petrochemicals, Power, Mining, Food and Beverage, Pharmaceuticals, Pulp & Paper, Microelectronics.

Market and Technology Overview

• What’s driving the market – water scarcity, water risk, environmental protection, process efficiency and complex waste waters
• Coverage of key technologies relevant to industrial desalination and water reuse
• Technology trends and market forecasts – covers the geographies which are most under pressure to invest in water efficiency and improved wastewater treatment and industry specific forecast categories by treatment type.

Key Technology Areas

In this report, we provide our most in depth coverage of technologies than any report published so far:

• Seawater desalination: where and why are industrial water users turning to seawater desalination, and what are the trends in the membrane and thermal technologies they are using?
• Ultrapure water: value and technology trends in high purity process water systems including reverse osmosis, ion exchange, and electrodeionisation
• Industrial wastewater desalination: why is demand for high recovery wastewater desalination systems growing so quickly, which industrial processes are driving demand, and how is technology shaping the market?
• Other advanced treatment technologies: how demand for improved water efficiency is driving technological development in biological treatment, physical/chemical separation and disinfection.

Market Sector Profiles

The market sector profiles highlight what makes each industrial sector so unique, paving the way for your involvement. The profiles cover: water requirements, wastewater challenges, trends in technology and water reuse, procurement models, supply chain analysis and a market forecast.

•Oil and gas: From the Canadian oil sands, to coal seam gas in Australia, and enhanced off-shore oil recovery, water treatment is emerging as a key driver of value across the energy sector. This section pinpoints the specific market niches which offer the richest opportunities for water technology companies.
• Refining and petrochemicals: the downstream petrochemical industry is moving more towards emerging economies like India and China as well as upstream producer economies in the Gulf and North Africa. Most new refining capacity is being built in water scarce areas, prompting a revolution in the way water is managed in this sector.
• Power generation: electricity generation is the largest industrial water use. It’s also responsible for some of the most challenging wastewaters. This, plus the growing power demands of emerging economies and the need to increase the efficiency of steam generation in mature economies, creates a recipe for solid market growth.
• Food and Beverage: this is the largest industrial market for water technology by total expenditure. It is also the one which is most under pressure to improve its water stewardship.
• Pharmaceutical: global healthcare expenditure is expected to grow faster than the global economy as a whole for the foreseeable future. It also has some of the most complex water treatment needs seen anywhere in the industrial sector.
• Microelectronics: the most significant and challenging market for high purity water. Process water requirements are continuing to become more exacting, while stewardship concerns are making companies rethink their approach to water efficiency and effluent treatment.
• Pulp and Paper: a massive user of water, and potentially a significant source of pollution. Although the majority of plants are located in water rich regions, producers are being pushed towards reuse by tougher environmental regulation.
• Mining: the process water needs of the mining industry are increasingly pressed up against social and environmental limits, forcing mining companies to make desalination and water reuse a central part of their strategy.

Publication information

Executive summary

i The proposition
Figure i UPW, seawater desalination and wastewater desalination by industrial segment, 2011-2025

ii Oil and gas
Figure ii Oil and gas industry market forecast, 2011-2025
Figure iii Oil and gas industry, top country markets, 2013–2017

iii Refining and petrochemicals
Figure iv Refining and petrochemicals industry market forecast, 2011–2025
Figure v Refining and petrochemicals industry, top country markets, 2013–2017

iv Power vii
Figure vi Power industry market forecast, 2011–2025
Figure vii Power industry, top country markets, 2013–2017

v Food and beverage viii
Figure viii Food and beverage industry market forecast, 2011–2025
Figure ix Food and beverage industry, top country markets, 2013–2017

vi Pharmaceutical ix
Figure x Pharmaceutical industry market forecast, 2011–2025
Figure xi Pharmaceutical industry, top country markets, 2013–2017

vii Microelectronics x
Figure xii Microelectronics industry market forecast, 2011–2025
Figure xiii Microelectronics industry, top country markets, 2013–2017

viii Pulp and paper xi
Figure xiv Pulp and paper industry market forecast, 2011–2025
Figure xv Pulp and paper industry, top country markets, 2013–2017

ix Mining xii
Figure xvi Mining industry market forecast, 2011-2025
Figure xvii Mining industry, top country markets, 2013–2017

x Technologies

1. Market and technology overview
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Market drivers
1.2.1 Water scarcity
1.2.1.1 Case study: Coca-Cola and brand risk
1.2.1.2 Case Study: Tia Maria
1.2.1.3 Case study: the semiconductor industry in Taiwan
1.2.2 Water risk
1.2.3 The Global Water Risk Index
Figure 1.1 Global Water Risk Index: global water supply
Figure 1.2 Global Water Risk Index: global water demand in 2030
Figure 1.3 Global Water Risk Index: water risk in 2030
1.2.4 Other drivers of water technology investment
1.3 Membrane filtration
1.3.1 Microfiltration and ultrafiltration membranes
Figure 1.4 A microfiltration membrane removes suspended solids
Figure 1.5 Dead-end and cross-flow membrane modules
Figure 1.6 Build up of material on ultrafiltration membranes, and cleaning processes
1.3.2 Reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes
Figure 1.7 Removal of dissolved solids by reverse osmosis
1.4 Electrical charge separation
1.4.1 Ion exchange
Figure 1.8 Ion exchange process
Figure 1.9 Types of resins and their applications
1.4.2 Electrodialysis
Figure 1.10 An electrodialysis cell
1.4.2.1 Electrodialysis reversal
1.4.2.2 Electrodeionisation
1.4.2.3 Problems
1.5 Seawater desalination technologies
1.5.1 Reverse osmosis (SWRO)
1.5.2 Multiple-effect distillation (MED)
Figure 1.11 The multi-effect distillation process with three distillation chambers
1.5.3 Multi-stage flash evaporation (MSF)
Figure 1.12 Multi-stage flash evaporation process with three evaporation chambers
1.6 High recovery technologies
1.6.1 Vapour compression
Figure 1.13 Vapour compression evaporation process
1.6.2 Brine concentrators
Figure 1.14 A falling film brine concentrator with vapour compression
1.6.3 Crystallisers
Figure 1.15 A forced circulation crystalliser
1.6.4 Filter presses
Figure 1.16 The operation of a diaphragm plate filter press
1.6.5 High recovery reverse osmosis
Figure 1.17 Comparison of high recovery and conventional reverse osmosis systems
1.6.6 Comparison of high recovery technologies
Figure 1.19 Comparison of high recovery desalination technologies
1.7 Chemical treatment
1.7.1 Lime softening
1.7.1.1 Cold and warm lime softening
Figure 1.20 Cold and warm lime softening processes in a softening basin
1.7.1.2 Hot lime softening
Figure 1.21 Hot lime softening processes in a downflow sludge contact unit
1.8 Physical treatment
1.8.1 Coagulation and flocculation
Figure 1.22 Coagulation and flocculation create clumps of suspended particles
1.8.2 Adsorption processes
1.9 Biological wastewater treatment
1.9.1 Removal of nutrients
1.9.2 Removal of heavy metals
1.10 Disinfection
1.10.1 Disinfection with chlorine-based compounds
1.10.2 Disinfection with ultraviolet light
Figure 1.23 Emission of ultraviolet light from an array of mercury vapour lamps
1.10.3 Disinfection by ozonation
Figure 1.24 Ozone breaks down micro-organisms in deep contact chambers
1.11 Technology trends and market forecast
1.11.1 Notes on the forecast
Figure 1.25 Industry-specific forecast categories and overall forecast categories
1.11.2 Ultrapure water technology trends
Figure 1.26 Advantages and disadvantages of EDI process
Figure 1.27 The ultrapure water market by industry segment, 2011–2017
Figure 1.28 The ultrapure water market by technology, 2011–2017
Figure 1.29 The ultrapure water market by region, 2011–2017
1.11.3 High recovery wastewater desalination
1.11.3.1 Wastewater desalination technology trends
Figure 1.30 The industrial wastewater desalination market by industry segment 2011–2017
Figure 1.31 The industrial wastewater desalination market by region, 2011–2017
Figure 1.32 The industrial wastewater desalination market by technology, 2011–2017
1.11.3.2 Wastewater desalination alternate scenario
Figure 1.33 The industrial wastewater desalination market by technology, 2011–2017: Alternate scenario
1.11.4 Seawater desalination
1.11.4.1 Seawater desalination technology trends
Figure 1.34 All industrial seawater desalination in the context of all seawater desalination, 1990–2011
Figure 1.35 Contracted >10,000 m³/d industrial seawater desalination plants by off-taker industry, 1990–2011
Figure 1.36 Seawater desalination plants for industrial customers by technology, 1990–2011
Figure 1.37 The industrial seawater desalination market by industry segment, 2011–2017
Figure 1.38 The industrial seawater desalination market by technology, 2011–2017
Figure 1.39 The industrial seawater desalination market by region, 2011–2017
1.11.4.2 Seawater desalination alternate scenario
Figure 1.40 The industrial seawater desalination market by industry segment, 2011–2017: alternate scenario
1.11.5 The overall market
Figure 1.41 UPW, seawater desalination and wastewater desalination by industrial segment, 2011–2025
Figure 1.42 Desalination and water reuse market forecast by major market, 2011–2025
Figure 1.43 Membrane markets, 2011–2017
Figure 1.44 Breakdown of equipment for other process water and other wastewater treatment, 2011–2017

For more information kindly visit :
Industrial Desalination and Water Reuse: Ultrapure water, challenging waste streams and improved efficiency

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