Obesity is one of the largest spread health conditions, which is being fought around the world since the past few decades. Moving away from our traditional food and inclusion of diet which are rich in fat, is having adverse effects on our health. Adding to this is our sedentary life style with very little or no physical activities, thus taking a toll on our health from a young age. Combined together, these are affecting our health leading to obesity at a young age.
What is Obesity? Is there a solution for Obesity?
Obesity is having accumulation of excess fat in one’s body. Excess weight gain could be for various reasons like health problems, medications, bone weight and others. A person is said to be obese only when they are overweight due to excess fat accumulation. Caused by various reasons, this is a problem that has to be tackled at the earliest or we may start losing control over it. The best remedy, if it is tackled at the earliest, would be to maintain a well balanced diet along with plenty of physical exercise. Adapting a healthy life style is an ideal solution to get out of the clamps of obesity.
The advancement in medical science has given us some solution to obesity which cannot be controlled by mere diet and physical exercises. In such conditions a person could be susceptible to illnesses like hypertension, diabetes, cardiac problems. To avoid these problems the excess weight gain has to be stopped surgically called Obesity Surgery or Bariatric Surgery. These proven methodshelp greatly in controlling one's weight. This surgery reduces the size of the stomach through different forms of surgery, which reduces the food intake avoiding the extra weight that causes obesity.
Bariatric Surgery is performed on people who are obese, where the size of the stomach is reduced through various procedures, which has to be performed by a trained doctor who has expertise in this. This surgery has proven to be good as it is seen that surgery has caused significant weight loss in some, recovery from diabetes and reduces the cardio vascular problems. This surgery is usually performed on those people whose BMI is at least 40 or people with BMI 35 and are suffering from serious medical conditions.
Various methods of bariatric surgery are:
Adjustable Gastric Band is a procedure in which the size of the stomach is restricted using a silicone band, which can be adjusted by addition or removal of saline through a port placed under the skin.
Intragastric balloon is a procedure which involves placing of a deflated balloon in the stomach, and then filling it up to decrease the amount of gastric space. This balloon is left in the stomach for a maximum of 6 months.
Gastric Plication is the procedure in which a sleeve is created in the stomach by suturing rather than removing the stomach tissue.
Gastric Bypass Surgery – a small stomach pouch is created with a stapler and connected to the small intestine and the upper part of the small intestine is then reattached in the Y-shaped configuration.
Bilio Pancreatic Diversion is a procedure in which the stomach is resected which creates a smaller stomach. The distal part of the small intestine is then connected to the pouch bypassing the duodenum and jejunum.
Obesity surgery is one of the best methods to control weight gain which could lead to other health problems or prove fatal. With these procedures one can try and keep weight gain at bay and lead a healthy life.