The .NET framework from Microsoft and the Java from Sun are referred to as the biggest achievements in independent platforms of underlying system. It is also to be noted that .NET framework offers the interesting feature of cross language operability, but presently operates only on Windows. Java, on the other hand, offers a great run on multiple platforms maintaining the focus on Java programming language. Both Java and .NET makes use of machine-independent intermediary program representation to offer target system independence. This particular approach opens multiple chances for runtime optimizations along with managed code execution.
Now, prior to focusing on the choice of .NET over Java, a look into both the platforms are necessary as it would help explore the options better.
Understanding Java Better
Java is credited to be the first platform that allows operation of the same program in a range of computers, irrespective of the architecture and underlying operating system. This language is first of its kind to work in an independent approach completely without the need for re-designing any of the features to render a better support. Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is the latest introduction of the Java platform that works like an abstract machine featuring a set of instructions and manipulating the various areas of memory during the run time.
A Look into the World of .NET
.NET is one of a kind platform that is known for offering a secured environment for a smooth program run that are probably written in several source language. This particular framework features two principle components that are Common Language Runtime (CLR) and .NET framework Class Library. The .NET framework Class library is an object-oriented compilation of types that can be reused and helps developing applications. On the other hand, the CLR offers an execution support to MSIL code through several features.
Why Choose .NET over Java – 10 Reasons
Well, a look into the worlds of .NET and Java clearly implies the functionalities of the platform in correlation to running a program. Here is a detailed look at the top 10 reasons that favors the choice of .NET over Java among the users:
1. Standardized configuration: configuration of Java is mostly leaned towards property files. Java components do not need to posses configuration through XML files. Contrary to this, .NET is thoroughly infused with XML and the core CLR too possesses the feature of XML parsing libraries. Since, XML is more flexible in comparison to property files, it offers improved standard configuration.
2. Extensible metadata: Java developers have mostly come across the feature Java Reflection System. This particular feature enables a Java class to reveal the methods it includes, the public or private approach, the expected arguments, the member variables within the class, etc. Microsoft’s .NET too involves Reflection ensuring that the feature is defined as an element of the core CLR. Additionally, it also allows programmers to incorporate customized information via a .NET class that can be recovered through .NET reflection APIs.
3. .NET Remoting: .NET remoting is the approach that allows the platform to make objects callable through a network. Alternatively, .NET remoting involves elements common to infrastructure of multi-language interoperability such as CORBA as against RIM. As against to RMI’s focus on only Java centric development, .NET remoting focuses on extensibility and flexibility.
4. Assemblies: These are referred to as a distribution unit of .NET code and are quite similar to the jar files of Java. Assemblies are known to serve a similar purpose; however, are styled differently than jar files. These are the sole unit of distribution for .NET classes since; there is a non-availability of a typical ‘class’ file included on a disk drive as a different entity. Assemblies are actually referred to as ‘harder’ notion than jars, as they feature separate identities in contrast to jar files.
5. Component Oriented Programming: A code written in language that .NET is aware of, by making use of the respective compiler, can be made operational by installing .NETVM on machines. This roughly indicates that a similar logic coded in several recognized .NET languages, following the compilation will generate same IL instructions. The ‘Component Oriented Programming’ allows creation of a ‘component’ in .NET to be used easily by other programmers.
6. Multiple Language Choice: .NET offers a multiple language choice for coding a program generating similar kinds of compiled code. However, in Java, programmer tends to feel restricted with just one language. This makes .NET powerful than Java.
7. Non-Adaptability to New Syntaxes: If you consider running a program through Java, you need to learn new and latest syntaxes that have made way into the platform. However, with .NET, you do not need to adapt to any sort of new syntaxes and it also features a great support of Microsoft.
8. Improved Program Run Speed: If you want to do away with startup delays, .NET stands as an obvious choice. The programs of .NET run at a good speed while, interpretation of Java makes it slower. .NET does not limit you to JIT as you also have the choices of AOT or ahead-of-time compiler.
9. Richer Language Choice: The languages of .NET are richer as compared to Java simply because they come with multiple object oriented features (for instance, delegates, properties, and generics), which are otherwise missing in Java.
10. Calling Native Code is Easier: Java does not involve a clean process of calling native code as it absorbs the generation of stub files making the process complex. On the contrary, .NET allows an easy calling of native code from a particular library and start with the calling process at once.
.NET application development has taken advantage of the above characteristics and helped create programs where the flow is smoother and gain larger competitive advantage over Java.
We provide .NET development services. If you would like to know more about our certified asp.net developers, please get in touch with us at Mindfire Solutions.
10 Reasons Validating the Choice of .NET over Java