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How to deal with Esophageal Atresia? -

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Also termed as oesophageal atresia, it is a congenital disorder that affects the digestive system & causes poor development of the esophagus. Esophagus serves as the route where the food is trespassed from mouth to the stomach. This tube narrows along its length which causes difficulty for the food to pass. Studies explain that such defects usually occur during the fourth week of pregnancy. At this stage, the digestive tract starts developing.

• Causes & symptoms:

It mainly occurs before birth & consists of certain types. Mostly, there are cases when the upper esophagus closes & loses contact with the lower one & the stomach. Top part of the lower esophagus gets connected to the windpipe; this type of association is termed as tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). Infants having TEF may also suffer from other disorders related to heart & digestive tract. Some of the other types can be correlated to esophagus narrowing abnormally & contain other defects of birth. The symptoms include:

1. Low quality feeding.
2. Excessive coughing & choking when feeding is attempted.
3. Drooling.
4. The skin turns blue with attempted feeding.
5. Initially, the baby may swallow normally, but later, minute, white bubbles of mucus may appear in the baby’s mouth & nose. These occur when the blind pouch gets filled with mucus & saliva which would normally pass through the esophagus in the stomach. But such secretions settle in the mouth & nose leading to excessive drooling.

• Diagnosis:

Prior to the infant’s birth, an ultrasonic test is carried out on the pregnant mother to check out the level of amniotic fluid. If it is present in excess, it signifies esophageal atresia or some disorders in the digestive tract.
After birth, while attempted feeding, if the baby shows the above symptoms, the doctor gently passes a catheter through the nose & later it enters into the esophagus. If the catheter gets blocked at the blind pouch, the results get confirmed. It gets clogged at about 4-5 inches from the nostrils.

• Remedial measures:

1. Surgical techniques help to treat this disorder since it repairs the esophagus, after the stabilization of the baby. This will not have any impact on the lungs & can lead to easy feeding. The surgery is carried out with general anesthesia, after this a tube is placed through the mouth for continuous suction of the blind pouch.
2. If the baby is facing trouble before surgical treatment, a proper nutrition is provided directly through the tube which gets into the stomach. This should enable the baby to swallow properly after the surgery.



Finn is a Medical Student and a freelancer who is specialized in writing. He is associate with many Pharmacies for whom he writes articles based on generic drugs like Viagra Generic 100mg, Penegra, Zenegra, Caverta and general health related issues. For More Information please visit :

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