Obesity problems are rising in India and many people are seeking all possible weight loss treatments. Morbid obesity is a condition when a person’s BMI or Body Mass Index becomes greater than 40. This condition also brings some co-morbid or associated severe diseases in the body like type 2 diabetes, heart diseases, sleep apnea, arthritis, etc. If not treated on time it can prove dangerous and pose a serious threat to the person’s health. Many bariatric surgeries are conducted for weight loss treatment in morbidly obese patients. One of them is Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, which is a very popular laparoscopic surgery in India. It is also called as minimally invasive surgery done by using specialized instruments like laparoscope, miniature cameras with microscopes, tiny fiber-optic flashlights and high definition monitors through punctured holes that require only a stitch or two to close it.
In Roux-en-Y gastric bypass method surgeon creates a small stomach pouch by stapling some part of it or by vertical banding procedure. Next a Y shaped section of the small intestine is attached to the pouch. This section is created to bypass the food from large part of duodenum as well as the first potion of the jejunum. This bypass of the food allows less absorption of nutrients and calories in the intestine. Thus, the person will have less food intake and absorption of calories in the body. It is carried out easily with laparoscope hence called as laparoscopic surgery. It is performed with small incisions and the patient generally recovers faster as compared to other surgeries.
There are many advantages of this bariatric surgery. The patients lose about 60% of their excess weight within 2 years of the surgery. It also resolves co-morbid diseases successfully over time. Small incisions mean less pain, quick recovery and short hospital stay. As the weight reduces it is observed that lower back pain and joint pain are typically relieved and improved in nearly all patients. There are also some risks involved in the surgery and every patient should be explained all the side-effects before going for it. It includes infection and bleeding of abdominal walls, bowel obstruction, hernia, nutritional deficiencies, etc. However, the numbers of health benefits overcome the risk factors in the surgery. Due to mal-absorption of important nutrients like proteins the patient might have to take nutritional foods or supplements life long. Because of numerous health benefits this type of laparoscopic surgery is very popular in India.
Roux-en-Y laparoscopic surgery is very popular in India