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Whats Menopause? Know causes, symptoms and medication

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Causes Behind Menopause  

  • Natural declination of the reproductive hormones – As soon as a woman approaches her late 30s, her ovaries begin making less of estrogen as well as progesterone which are the hormones which regulate menstruation. At this time, the ripening of potential eggs is fewer in her ovaries in each of the month. Ovulation also becomes less predictable. The changes turn out to be more pronounced when the woman reaches her 40s. After that, the menstrual periods become shorter, lighter or heavier and a time will come when the woman will have no periods at all.
  • Hysterectomy – performing a hysterectomy confiscates the uterus, but not the ovaries normally does not cause menopause. Although a woman who has gone through hysterectomy no longer has her periods, yet her ovaries will still release eggs as well as produce progesterone and estrogen. But a surgery which includes the removal of both the uterus as well as the ovaries (bilateral oophorectomy and total hysterectomy) does not lead to the occurrence of  menopause devoid of any transitional phase. The woman’s periods will immediately stop but menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes are likely to be seen.
  •  Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy – These therapies meant for cancer can induce menopause by causing symptoms like hot flashes especially within 3-6 months or at the duration of the treatment.
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency – Research has shown that almost 1% of women goes through menopause before the age of 40. Menopause occurs due to primary ovarian insufficiency i.e. at the time when your ovaries fails to produce the normal levels of the reproductive hormones which stems from autoimmune disease or from genetic factors but at the same time often, there are no causes for primary ovarian can be found.


Know the symptoms


You might experience the sights and symptoms such as;

  •  Hot flashes,
  • Irregular periods,
  • Decreased fertility,
  • Mood swings,
  • Increased abdominal fat,
  • Sleep disturbances,
  • Loss of breast fullness,
  • Thinning hair,
  • Vaginal dryness.

 Regular visits to the doctor is advised during the years leading up to menopause (premenopause) as well as the years after menopause (postmenopause) so as to take preventive health care and also, for medical conditions that may occur with aging.

 In case you skipped a period but is not sure if you have started menopausal transition, you may have to seek the advise of a physician if you are pregnant or not.  Visit your doctor immediately if you find that you are bleeding from your vagina even after menopause.


Effective Medication

Menopause itself does not require any treatment or cannot be treated. Treatments in terms of menopause are focused on relieving the signs as well as symptoms and on checking or lessening the chronic condition that comes off as a part of aging. Treatments include;


Hormone therapy

By far, one of the most effective therapy in terms of effective treatment for providing relief to menopausal hot flashes. Your personal or family medical history also depends while recommending estrogen at the lowest possible dose needed so as to provide symptomatic relief to you.


Low dose antidepressants

Venlafaxie (Effexor) which is an antidepressant belongs to a class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) helps to decrease menopausal hot flashes. There are other SSRIs that can be considered to improve symptoms of menopause include fluoxetine, paroxetine, citalopram and sertraline.



Estradot is a hormone replacement therapy which treats the problems of menopause such as vaginal dryness, hot flashes and also osteoporosis. Rather than oral tablets, this menopause medication is given transdermally i.e. the patch is placed on the skin so as to deliver the specific dose of medication through the skin and into the bloodstream.


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  • Dale
    Best Article Ever !!!!! 

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