In Windows systems, the hal.dll file is an abstraction layer file that acts as a interlink between the hardware components and operating system. This file is required to boot the Windows system. If this file gets corrupt or goes missing, then you would not be able to start the system. Such cases would occur because of various reasons such as virus infections, power outages, hardware malfunctions, abrupt system shutdown, etc. There are several in-place methods that you should use to fix this problem. However, if none of them work then you should use a third-party partition recovery software to recover the inaccessible data.
Consider a scenario wherein you start your Windows XP system, but unable to do so. An error message is displayed, that is:
“Winnt_root\System32\Hal.dll missing or corrupt:
Please re-install a copy of the above file.”
In addition, you may observe the following strange behavior as well:
When you try to repair the system using the Recovery Console, the command prompt may appear but without any option to guide you to perform Windows installation.
When you try to repair the installation using the Windows XP CD-ROM, the previous Windows installation is not detected. Because of which, you are unable to repair Windows.
There could be the following reasons for this erroneous situation:
The default vale of the Boot.ini file is either missing or corrupt.
In the Boot.ini file, the location of the Windows XP is different than the actual location.
The Ntoskrnl.exe file is either corrupt or missing.
In the Boot.exe file, the partition parth is set incorrectly.
There is hardware failure that is causing this issue.
To resolve this problematic situation, you should perform either of the following methods:
You should edit the Boot.ini file. This would serve the following two purposes:
To restore or correct the default entry of the Boot.ini file.
To make sure that other entries in the Operating Systems section of the Boot.ini file reference to the proper locations.
In the Recovery Console, you should use Bootcfg utility. This utility will correct the Boot.ini file.
In the Recovery Console, you should run the chkdsk /r command. This command is used to repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information from the disk.
You would be able to boot your system using the aforementioned methods. However, if you are not able to access the system then you should use a third-party partition recovery software. Such partition recovery tools are able to recover partition using fast yet sophisticated scanning algorithms.
Stellar Phoenix Windows Data Recovery is a Windows partition recovery software that enables you to recover Windows partition from inaccessible FAT, NTFS, and exFAT file systems. In addition, this partition recovery tool is able to recover more than 185 different file types. It is compatible with Windows 7, Vista, Server 2003, XP, and 2000.
How to recover Windows data from unbootable XP