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India Oil & Gas Industry 2H12

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India: Oil & Gas covers the sector overview, sector size, competitive landscape and enviromental scanning for India. It also covers the market trends and outlook, key economic indicators for India, reserves and exploration, crude oil and natural gas production trends, refining, consumption, trade, prices and under recoveries, plus the profile, comparative matrix and SWOT analysis of the industry leading players: Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, and Reliance Industries Ltd.

Executive Summary

Indian oil and gas sectoris highly regulated by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. The ministry influences exploration, production, distribution, marketing of companies in the sector. It also has a hand in the pricing of oil, natural gas and petroleum products to some extent. Despite the tight regulation, however, the private sector plays a major role, particularly in the downstream business.

India was the fourth largest consumer of oil and petroleum products in 2011, after the United States, China and Japan. To satisfy demand, Indian upstream oil companies have acquired stakes in overseas assets. Existing domestic oil reserves and production is insufficient to meet the demand in India. More than 80% of India’s crude oil demand was met through imports as of FY12.

The sector also acts as a major source of tax revenue generation for India’s central and state governments. Prices of many oil, natural gas and petroleum products are controlled by the central government. This sometimes forces downstream companies to sell finished products at unprofitable prices. Government subsidies partially cover the shortfall, but this puts a strain on central government finances and bloats the fiscal deficit. In FY13, the government instituted a slew of reforms geared toward reducing the subsidies, such as limiting the number of subsidized cylinders and incremental decontrol of diesel prices. These moves are expected to improve the earnings of industry operators in coming quarters.

During FY13, Indian crude oil and natural gas (upstream) production declined. However, refining and other downstream activities registered growth. India’s growing energy requirements and rising per capita consumption combined with the phasing out of subsidies and decreased regulatory uncertainty bode well for the sector.

Table of Contents

1. Industry Profile
1.1 Sector overview
1.2 Sector size
1.3 Competitive landscape
1.4 Environmental scanning
2. Market Trends and Outlook
2.1 Key economic indicators-India
2.2 Reserves and exploration
2.3 Production trends
2.4 Refining
2.5 Consumption
2.6 Trade
2.7 Price
2.8 Under recoveries
3. Leading Players and Comparative Matrix
3.1 Leading players
3.1.1 Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd (ONGC)
3.1.2 Indian Oil Corporation Ltd (IOCL)
3.1.3 Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL)
3.2 Comparative matrix
3.3 SWOT analysis

4. Tables and Charts

Table 1: Highlights of Kelkar committee report on fiscal consolidation-oil subsidies
Table 2: Major oil & gas basins in India
Table 3: Balance sheet parameters
Table 4: Valuation matrix

Chart 1: Annual crude refining throughput-India
Chart 2: Share of installed refining capacity as of FY12
Chart 3: Share of companies by installed crude refining capacity
Chart 4: Share of companies in terms of crude oil production
Chart 5: Breakup of total energy consumption in India
Chart 6: Imports of crude oil by source
Chart 7: Gross domestic product from oil and natural gas sector
Chart 8: Breakup of oil and sector revenues to Central/State Governments
Chart 9: Breakup of total Central Government subsidies
Chart 10: Trade deficit of India

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