Whether you want to grow mushrooms as a nutritional source for your diet, a culinary delight to add to your recipes or magic mushrooms, you can purchase a mushroom grow kit that is well-suited for you whether you're a beginner or experience cultivator. Many kits include a substrate inoculated with a liquid culture or mushroom spores. There are even options for adding live spawn to kits. Mushroom cultivators have a large choice of products to ensure success.
Before you get started with growing magic mushrooms or any other type of mushroom, it's smart to know a little bit about the mushroom life cycle. Mushrooms produce spores that drop to the ground. These spores come in contact with humidity and moisture in the ground. As the spores sink into the ground, they germinate and produce mycelium. The mycelium grows larger and absorbs more moisture and nutrients. It consumes the soil around it. This is also known as the substrate. With exposure to sunlight, the actual mushroom then begins to form. Pinheads begin to form and eventually grow into a full mushroom with caps, stems and gills. The gills actually collect the spores and hold them in a thin skin known as a veil. When the cap grows large enough, the veil is torn and releases the spores to begin the life cycle again.
Mushroom spores or liquid culture, substrates and growing chambers are the three basic ingredients for growing mushrooms. A mixture of spores and water in a syringe is one of the most common methods for cultivating mushrooms, but liquid cultures and live cultures are also available. The substrate acts a growing medium and feeds the mushroom mycelium for growth. One of the best substrates is a rye grain, as it works well with a variety of different types of mushrooms. The actual growing environment for growing mushrooms is known as a growing chamber. You can find a mushroom grow kit that is a fully automated and equipped to control temperature settings, light and humidity. These kits are ideal for both the novice and the seasoned mushroom growers.
Inoculation is the process that gets those mushrooms growing. Injecting a liquid culture or spores into a substrate is the first step. Then the spores are incubated until the spores germinate and colonize the substrate. During this period, mushroom spores need to be in a warm, dark place along with the appropriate temperature for the specific species. On average, the incubation and colonization time period can take anywhere from two to eight weeks.
A modern mushroom grow kit is a simple growing system and often can be used as an incubator or a growing chamber. Many are also designed to be used with casing techniques. Some of the advanced features include an incubator with heater, air exchange system, analog setting times, check valve air filter, air pump, digital thermometer and quarts of perlite. Once you get started, you'll find that these types of kits are easy to use. There are also add-ons for mushroom grow kits like pre-sterilized substrate jars, storage containers and submersible heaters.
All You Need to Know About Growing Your Own Mushrooms at Hom