One of the most intricate organs of our body, the brain executes too many tasks at one time. A single injury on its part and most of your day to day activities will suffer a serious setback. Brain injury is quite common and varies from mild to acute. Moreover, even today no foolproof method has been introduced to eradicate it completely. Usually a brain injury is classified into two kinds, i.e. acquired brain injury and traumatic brain injury. While the former is a result of excessive pressure on the brain or can ever arise from neurological diseases, the latter is caused by some external force on the brain.
Brain Injury Treatments for mild injuries
Apart from over-the-counter medicines and rest, you don’t need any other form of treatment to treat mild injuries. However, those with mild traumatic injuries should be observed constantly at home. With consistent monitoring, one can identify whether the existing symptoms are worsening or new symptoms are showing up. It would be best to keep off from physical or cognitive activities until the symptoms recover. Gradually, people show improved results and can get back to their daily routine.
Treatment Ideas for moderate to serious brain injuries
An emergency care is often called for those experiencing moderate to acute traumatic brain injuries. This treatment mode ensures that a person receives sufficient blood and oxygen supply. Besides, the blood pressure of the patient is also closely monitored so as to prevent further damage. Other treatments will concentrate on lowering minor injury that result because of bleeding, and swelling. The additional treatments also assure that the brain gets adequate flow of oxygen.
Medications for Brain Injuries
Certain medications may help prevent further damages to the brain. These include:
Diuretics: These drugs help progress urine output and lower the fluid quantity in tissues. When given to patients with traumatic brain injuries, it stabilizes the pressure generated in the brain.
Anti-seizure medications: Patients with moderate to serious traumatic brain injury run at a higher risk of developing seizures, particularly on the first week after getting the injury. Anti-seizure medicines are prescribed during the first week itself so as to keep off from additional brain injury that may result because of a seizure.
Coma-inducing medications: Doctors often use certain inducing medicines that allow the patient to slip into temporary coma. This implementation results in a comatose brain and lessens the need for oxygen that your brain needs for functioning. This process comes to help when blood vessels fail to deliver the needed quantity of oxygen and nutrients to brain cells.
Surgical Treatments for A Brain Injury
If the condition worsens, a surgery may be considered necessary to prevent further damage of the brain tissues. Some of the problems that can be addressed with the help of a surgery include:
- Removal of clotted blood
- Skull fracture repair
Lastly, those with severe brain injury usually need rehabilitation to improve their potential of performing regular activities.