Diabetes is often related to leg pain, cramps and leg problems. This condition is known as Peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The arteries of the legs and feet become clogged with fatty deposits called plaque preventing blood flow to these areas. Sometimes the condition can be so severe that it may lead to gangrene and amputation if left untreated. People with Type 2 diabetes are at a greater risk of developing this problem due to the bodily changes associated with diabetes, including insulin resistance, a higher level of blood fats, and an increase in blood pressure.
1. Blocked Arteries – Due to large amounts of glucose collected in the blood the arteries in the leg get damaged. This leads to atherosclerosis which prevents oxygen supply to the tissues resulting in a condition ischaemia.
2. Peripheral Neuropathy – It is a condition characterized by feeling of numbness to pain or temperature, sharp pains or camps, tingling, burning or prickling sensation, loss of balance and co-ordination, etc.
3. Poor Circulation – In this condition capillaries are prone to damage leading to thickening of the walls. This prevents oxygen supply to the tissue which worsens the ischaemia.
The lower legs may become swollen associated with constant pain or aching. The feet and lower legs may feel unusually warm to touch. The skin may feel damp due to excessive sweating. The skin may appear dry and cracked despite of sweating. There may be appearance of open sores, ulcers, on the toes, feet or ankles.
Treatment for PAD includes lifestyle changes, drug treatment and surgery. Controlling your blood sugar levels through medication, diet and exercise are effective measures to manage PAD. Medications for lowering blood pressure, cholesterol and clot formation in the blood vessels can prove to be effective. Besides allopathic medication there are many herbal supplements that can be of help like Diabkil Capsules. Surgical options include angioplasty and plaque removal. In angioplasty a small tube with a balloon at its end into the affected artery. The balloon is inflated, opening the narrowed area. Sometimes a stent, a tiny wire mesh tube, is inserted to keep the artery open. This is a procedure that is used to remove blockages in the heart as well as PAD. In the procedure of plaque removal a small tube is inserted into the affected artery, and a tiny rotating blade is used to shave plaque from the artery wall as the doctor advances the tube through the artery. Wearing compression stockings that are correctly fitted can decrease the amount of leg and foot swelling considerably.
Hence we can conclude that with careful regular monitoring and timely medical treatment of the disease we can take care PAD effectively.
Diabetes And Leg Pain, Cramps And Leg Problems