Site of State of Jingjue from the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD) to the Jin Dynasty (265-420)
Location: Minfeng County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Period: 2nd century BC-5th century AD
Excavated from 1959 to the present
It has supplied precious materials to the study of the relationships
between the empire located in the Central Plains and ancient kingdoms in
the Western Regions, which covers the area of the present-day Xinjiang
and parts of Central Asia. It is also of great importance to the study
of the cultural exchanges between the East and the West, as well as the
Silk Road (now it is the famous travel route, Silk Road tour).
remains of the lost ancient city of Niya are believed to the ancient
Jingjue Kingdom during the Han and Jin period (obtain information about
it via travel China guide).
The ancient Jingjue Kingdom was at the south end of the Silk Road,
sprawling over an area 25 km long from south to north and 5-7 km wide
from east to west.
In the Site, the ruins
of foundation of houses, courtyards, tombs, stupas, temples, fields,
orchards, channels, kilns, and smelting workshops, etc., have been
excavated, together with a large quantity of cultural relics, including
wood ware, bronze, pottery, stone ware, woolen articles, coins, etc.
1959, a wool pile carpet fragment was unearthed at the site of Niya,
China, on the southern edge of the Taklamakan Desert found along the
Silk Road. The fabrication of the fragment discovered has been dated
back to about 100 BC. The Niya Site is one of the most important
archaeological sites in Tarim Basin and is actually the site of Jingjue
Kingdom in the Han Dynasty and during the Wei and Jin period.
one can believe that there was a rich and varied community that once
thrived deep in today's Taklamakan Desert some 1,600 years ago. Just
like other places in China, it was then under the control of several
officials appointed by the central government. There lived more than
families with a population of more than 3,000 people. Sprawling over an
area 20 km in circumference around what is now the dried bed of Niya
River, however, the city eventually became buried in the desert sand and
slipped in oblivion. The extinction of Niya has left archaeologists and
scientists many questions to answer. It has also given the ruins of the
ancient holy city a feeling of mystery.
Niya River winds through the southern Taklamakan Desert for about 210
km and its head waters are fed by melted snow from the towering the
Kunlun Mount, known was Nanshan Mountain in ancient times. The river
gradually dries up near a small Uygur village.
city's ruins were lost until the early of the 20th century, when the
British explorer Sir Aurel Stein discovered the ruins and archaeologists
have continued their exploration of the area ever since. It is optional
for your travel China guide.
tombs have been discovered at the northern part of the ruins. Some of
them were already exposed when they were laid out in hollowed out logs
or wooden trunks with an outer coffin. Dried out by the deserts heat and
virtually undisturbed, the bodies, clothes and burial articles are in
The details of the
brocade show exceptional care. The edge of the silk hasn't been
unraveled and the fabric still has its original luster. Even the green
and yellow, colors which easily fade, are preserved. Pieces of brocade,
much less in quantity and variety, were found in Niya in 1959, with
three motifs: animal patterns, geo-metric designs and auspicious tokens,
all of which have never been encountered before.
the burial articles is a place of food with mutton, pears, and grapes.
This variety serves as evidence of oasis agriculture and livestock
raising. If you are interested in the site, you can consider it for your
affordable China tours.
How much do you know about Site of Niya?