In 1855, Robert Bunsen pioneered the idea of using propane, methane, or liquified petroleum gas for burning. While this caused the production of the Bunsen burner for use in labs, great deals of factories and businesses quickly adopted this in the form of an industrial gas burner. Nowadays, these gas burners are typically found in the following forms (but not limited to):
These are primarily used in heating tanks utilized by food-making, ceramic, and textiles industries. Their easy design allows for a steady stream of flame that can heat the contents of the tank evenly. They can even integrate air mixers to help manipulate the flame, especially if the flame's temperature has to be regulated accurately. Other applications for pipe burners involve preheating, salt bath stripping, as well as cleaning the very same tanks they heat.
A nozzle burner has two distinct benefits over most industrial gas burners. First, it is self-sufficient enough to generate a flame that doesn't need compressors or air mixers. Second, it is relatively small enough to be operated and carried by one man, and can perform a myriad of duties in a factory like singeing, annealing (modifying the properties of a material by burning it) and smelting.
Its primary purpose is for metal and glass melting, especially if only specific areas of the metal or glass needs to be warmed. However, it can likewise be used in repairing molds and heaters by burning away left-over or excess products that were poured on them. This procedure needs a two-man team and severe preciseness that only a nozzle burner can provide.
Factories use this scaled-up version of the kitchen stove for boiling, micro brewing and of course food handling. This exact same technology can also be seen in a regular kiln burner utilized in creating ceramics and pottery. So-called multi-ring burners also exist as even bigger versions of the ring burner.
Basically, industrial gas burners are bigger and more innovative variations of Bunsen's technology. Their different configurations just goes to prove that gas burners have a wide range of uses outside of the kitchen or laboratory. For a comprehensive and technical discussion of how gas burners work, visit: asge-national.org/Content/Files/Presentations/2011/7BurnerTechnology-ASGE2011-Worgas-G_Berthold.pdf.
Most Common Configurations of an Industrial Gas Burner