Robert Bunsen pioneered the concept of using propane, methane, or liquified petroleum gas for burning in 1855. While this resulted in the creation of the Bunsen burner for use in laboratories, his technology was quickly adopted by businesses and factories in the form of an industrial gas burner. Nowadays, these gas burners are often seen in the following forms (but not limited to):
These are mainly utilized in heating tanks used by food-making, ceramic, and textiles industries. Their simple design permits a steady stream of flame that can warm up the contents of the tank evenly. They can even include air mixers to help manipulate the flame, especially if the flame's temperature has to be regulated exactly. Other applications for pipe burners include preheating, salt bath stripping, and even cleaning the very same tanks they heat.
A nozzle burner has two distinct advantages over most industrial gas burners. First, it is self-sufficient enough to generate a flame that doesn't require air mixers or compressors. Second, it is reasonably tiny enough to be carried and operated by one man, and can carry out a multitude of duties in a factory including singeing, annealing (modifying the properties of a material by burning it) and smelting.
Its primary function is for metal and glass melting, particularly if only particular locations of the metal or glass has to be heated up. However, it can also be utilized in repairing molds and heaters by burning away left-over or excess products that were poured on them. This process needs a two-man team and extreme precision that only a nozzle burner can provide.
Factories utilize this scaled-up version of the kitchen stove for boiling, micro brewing and of course food processing. This same technology can likewise be seen in a regular kiln burner used in forming ceramics and pottery. So-called multi-ring burners also exist as even bigger versions of the ring burner.
Basically, industrial gas burners are larger and more innovative versions of Bunsen's technology. Their different configurations just goes to show that gas burners have a vast selection of uses outside of the kitchen or laboratory. For a detailed and technical discussion of how gas burners work, check out: asge-national.org/Content/Files/Presentations/2011/7BurnerTechnology-ASGE2011-Worgas-G_Berthold.pdf.
Primary Details on the Standard Forms of Industrial Burner