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4 Easy Steps to Add a Tow Hitch to a Vehicle.

by karimi

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A hitch is attached to a vehicle to enable it pull trailers. Most of the cars have been standardized to accommodate hitches. Hitches are of two kinds: bumper pull styles and frame mounted hitches. There is an advantage to adding a hitch to your vehicle. The installation does not take long if you use these simple steps.

You need a trailer hitch, a drill and a fully stocked garage.

  1. When purchasing trailer hitches , choose one that works best with your vehicle. A subcompact car would work well with small frame mounted hitches while a bumper-pull ball hitch would work well with SUV’s or Trucks. Most of the time the vehicle’s manual will indicate what type of hitch is best for your car.
  2. A connection plug that is appropriate for the vehicle should then be wired to the vehicle’s tail lights. You could check if there is a wiring that is pre-existing. Most of the SUV’s and trucks have the wiring located on the rear bumper’s underside. The wiring either runs loose and is tapped together or runs to a socket. A color scheme shows each wires function. The ground wire in most trucks is white. The four functions of the wires are: Dimmer Parking Lights, left turn, stop, and Right Turn. Wire colors may vary for the OEM trailers
  3. This is the point where you install the hitch. For a bumper ball hitch, the main ball shaft is slid into bumper hole and fastened with nuts provided and locking washer. For a frame-mount hitch the frame has pre-drilled holes. The holes are on the frame rails inside and under the vehicle. The holes match often with the model of the vehicle’s  hitch. If the holes do not fit you can drill the holes. The hitch should be positioned to take the trailer without causing interferences in the tailpipe or bumper. Mark the locations that the holes will be drilled on the frame. The holes should be drilled to match the bolts being used. After drilling all the holes, the hitch should be mounted to the holes. There should be no misalignment or gap between the parts. The connection should be solid and direct. Holes should not be drilled for a ball hitch if they are not designed for it. Some of the bumpers are weak and will not pull trailers.
  4. To test for successful installation of the hitch, the trailer should be empty and on low speed. If the hitch has been installed successfully, the trailer will swing without obstruction to each side and be agile.

You can clamp the hitch using C-clamps to make sure it holds into place. Make sure to follow the manufacturer’s explanations on tightening the bolts. Do not try to modify the hitch and make sure you drill only required holes. The turn signals and brake lights electrical connections should be made while following the manufacturer’s instructions. As you test the hitch, test the lights too to make sure they are working.

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