Every woman goes through a menstrual cycle. The time when the menstrual cycle ends, is termed as menopause. This marks the end of the fertile stage in a woman. It is actually the cessation of the functions of the ovary as the production of female hormones reduces. It normally occurs anytime between the age of 42-58 and is officially confirmed if there is absence of menses for a year. This is termed as “amenorrhea”.
Most women have natural menopause while many undergo premature menopause, which can be due to reasons like thyroid, autoimmune disorder, diabetes, chemotherapy, smoking, hysterectomy. Women reaching the stage of menopause will experience certain symptoms, which may be due to the quick reaction of the body to the fluctuating hormone level. The degree of effects varies in each individual.
Commonly women might experience hot flashes, palpitation, night sweats, burning sensation while urination, vaginal changes, breast changes, thinning of skin, bone loss, weight gain, cholesterol, watery discharge, urinary urgency, joint and muscle pain, mood swings, depression, memory loss, insomnia, lack of sexual drive. Due to the above-mentioned symptoms, women might develop many health risks. Thus, it is important to undergo a menopause treatment so as to avoid the risk of health problems associated with this.
Menopause is no disease that needs to be treated. It is a normal phase and phenomena that every woman faces in her life. The menopause treatments majorly focus on relieving the various symptoms and prevent the conditions that might occur with old age. One can take the treatment that suits their needs.
One of the most reliable treatments to date is Hormone Therapy, which helps in relieving the hot flashes. In cases of women with uterus, progestin is given along with estrogen and for women who have got the hysterectomy done; only estrogen is recommended. This is given in a low dosage depending on the medical history of the patient. This therapy helps in curing vaginal dryness, improves sleep, relieves joint pain, prevents bone loss and benefits the heart.
The category of drugs known as Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM) are synthetically produced or derived from the botanical source. These medications act as agonist or vice versa in the receptors body. The SERMs help in reducing the risk of fracture in osteoporotic women by increasing bone mass density and reduce the risk of breast cancer.
In some cases, antidepressants are used to improve the lifestyle, quality of sleep and mood disorder. These medications might cause headaches, constipation, dry mouth, decreased appetite but can prove beneficial in treating memory loss.
Gabapentin is used to treat seizures and hot flashes. This treatment is used for women who cannot take estrogen therapy due to medical reasons or are suffering from migraine.
The above mentioned menopause treatment can be taken while the women is undergoing the phase or post the menopause. The therapies definitely help in reducing the risk of other problems that might erupt at a later stage. This is a phase in every woman’s life and there is no reason why one should fear it. Proper diet and health care, is sure to take care of all the issues and problems and will definitely help in dealing with this chapter of life in a much better way.
Menopause treatments that reduce the health risks