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Water for Mining - Opportunities

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Water for Mining features primary researched market analysis to give you valuable insight into the dynamics of this sector. We have interviewed more than 30 industry insiders to bring you expert advice on how to access the market, and focusses on the key areas of growth: http://www.bharatbook.com/market-research-reports/water-market-research-report/water-for-mining-opportunities-in-scarcity-and-environmental-regulation.html

Water supply with a focus on desalination
The treatment of acid mine drainage
Effluent treatment for onsite reuse
The recovery of valuable metals from tailings ponds
The mining sector offers enormous growth opportunities for water treatment companies. As the municipal market for desalination slows, water for mining is a winning alternative. This report investigates how water scarcity and environmental regulation are driving the need for mining companies to invest in new technologies and develop water management strategies. Water scarcity is a problem in many areas where natural resources are abundant, creating an imperative for mining companies to consider reuse technologies. As environmental concerns grow, so too does the pressure on mining companies to ensure their effluent is treated appropriately for reuse and disposal.

This report explains the main options there are for managing water supply and effluent in the mining process, and explores opportunities for reuse. It offers key insight into how appropriate treatment technologies can aid the recovery of valuable metals from tailings ponds – this is closely linked to the rise in metal prices, allowing water companies to profit from the strength of the natural resources market.

Global Forecasts

The market forecasts include the following countries:

Australia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
China
Indonesia
Peru
Russia
South Africa
USA
Rest of the World

Categories will include:

Water infrastructure
Pumps
Equipment:
• Screens / intakes
• Filtration systems
• Thickeners / presses / clarifiers
• RO / desalination systems
• Chemical treatment systems
• Specialist systems
• Other equipment

Publication information ii

Executive summary iii

Figure: Global mining water market by expenditure category, 2011 iii
Figure: Global mining water market forecast: 2012 peak, 2014 peak and supercycle models, 2009-2016 iv
Market challenges iv
Opportunities v
Conclusion vi
Units and conversion factors used in this publication vi
1. Introduction to mining 1
1.1 Mining 1
1.2 Water for mining 1
1.3 Mining methods 2
1.3.1 Surface mining 3
1.3.2 Underground mining 3
Figure 1.1 Water issues associated with surface and underground mining 4
1.4 Processing methods 4
Figure 1.2 Mineral ore processing steps 6
1.4.1 Physical separation processing 6
1.4.2 Pyrometallurgy 7
1.4.3 Hydrometallurgy 7
1.4.4 Electrometallurgy 8
1.5 Product handling and transport 9
1.6 Commodities 9
Figure 1.3 Overview of commodities 10
1.6.1 Copper 10
1.6.1.1 Copper processing 10
Figure 1.4 Processing streams for copper ores 11
1.6.1.2 Copper production 11
Figure 1.5 Top 5 copper reserves and largest producers of copper in 2010 11
Figure 1.6 Copper - Share of controlled production by mining companies, 2010 12
1.6.2 Gold 12
1.6.2.1 Gold processing 12
Figure 1.7 Processing streams for Gold ores 13
1.6.2.2 Gold production 13
Figure 1.8 Top 5 gold reserves and largest producers of gold in 2010 13
Figure 1.9 Gold - Share of controlled production by mining companies, 2010 14
1.6.3 Nickel 14
1.6.3.1 Nickel processing 14
Figure 1.10 Processing streams for Nickel sulphide ores 14
Figure 1.11 Processing streams for Nickel laterite ores 15
1.6.3.2 Nickel production 15
Figure 1.12 Top 5 nickel reserves and largest producers of nickel in 2010 15
Figure 1.13 Nickel - Share of controlled production by mining companies, 2010 16
1.6.4 Zinc 16
1.6.4.1 Zinc processing 16
Figure 1.14 Processing streams for zinc ores 16
1.6.4.2 Zinc production 17
Figure 1.15 Top 5 zinc reserves and largest producers of zinc in 2010 17
Figure 1.16 Zinc - Share of controlled production by mining companies, 2010 17
1.6.5 Platinum 17
1.6.5.1 Platinum processing 17
Figure 1.17 Processing options for Platinum ores 18
1.6.5.2 Platinum production 18
Figure 1.18 Top 4 PGM reserves and largest producers of platinum in 2010 18
Figure 1.19 Platinum - Share of controlled production by mining companies, 2010 19
1.6.6 Iron ore 19
1.6.6.1 Iron ore processing 19
Figure 1.20 Processing options for iron ore 20
1.6.6.2 Iron ore production 20
Figure 1.21 Top 5 iron ore reserves (iron content) and largest producers of iron ore in 2010 20
Figure 1.22 Iron ore - Share of controlled production by mining company, 2010 20
1.6.7 Metal mine geography 20
Figure 1.23 Operating mines in the Americas 21
Figure 1.24 Operating mines in Europe and Africa 22
Figure 1.25 Operating mines in Asia Pacific 23
1.7 Non-metal commodities 24
1.7.1 Coal 24
Figure 1.26 Top 5 black coal reserves and largest producers of black coal in 2009 24
Figure 1.27 Top 3 brown coal reserves and largest producers of brown coal in 2009 24
Figure 1.28 Coal processing steps 25
1.7.2 Phosphate rock 26
1.7.2.1 Processing 26
1.7.3 The washing plant 26
1.7.3.1 Production 26
Figure 1.29 Top 5 phosphate reserves and largest producers of phosphate 26
Figure 1.30 Phosphate - Share of controlled production by mining company, 2009 27
1.7.4 Heavy media separation plant 27
1.7.5 The flotation plant 27
Figure 1.31 Phosphate ore processing steps 28
1.8 Acid rock drainage 28
Figure 1.32 Typical relation to drainage pH 29
Figure 1.33 : Types of drainage produced by sulphide oxidation 29
Figure 1.34 : Generalised conceptual model of sources, pathways and receiving environment at a mine or
processing site 30
Figure 1.35 Examples of ARD costs 31
1.9 Water volumes for mining and processing 31
1.9.1 Water required for processing methods 31
Figure 1.36 Water consumption volumes for the processing steps for selected metals 32
1.9.2 Water use reported by major mining countries 32
1.9.2.1 Chile 32
Figure 1.37 Average water consumption per ton of copper ore in Chile, 2000 and 2006 32
Figure 1.38 Projection of total water withdrawal for copper mining in Chile, 2009-2020 33
1.9.2.2 Australia 33
Figure 1.39 Water use by the Australian mining industry, 2008-2009 33
1.9.2.3 Canada 33
Figure 1.40 Water use in the Canadian mining industry, 2007 33
Figure 1.41 Intake water treatment in the Canadian mining industry, 2007 34
Figure 1.42 Effluent water treatment in the Canadian mining industry, 2007 34
1.9.2.4 USA 34
Figure 1.43 Average water use per tonne of crude ore production 34
Figure 1.44 Metal mining water use in the US, 2000 35
1.9.2.5 Mexico 35
1.9.3 Water use reported by major mining companies 35
1.9.4 Calculating global water withdrawal for mining 36

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Water for Mining - Opportunities in scarcity and environmental regulation

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