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Medical/Surgical Oncology, Treatment for Cancer

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Diagnosis of cancer usually has a devastating effect not only on the person who is suffering from cancer but also on his/her family. Panic, stress, sorrow, denial, anxiety, uncertainty and depression are a range of emotions that a person feels when diagnosed with cancer. These emotions could be set off due to the limited knowledge about the disease and at times due to the helplessness associated with it.

Oncology is a branch of medicine which deals with the treatment of cancer. Cancer is medically known as a malignant neoplasm which is a broad group of various diseases which involves unregulated cell growth. The cancer cells divide and grow uncontrollably forming tumors and can reach or spread to different parts of the body through the blood stream.

Tumors are of two types: Benign tumors and malignant tumors.

 Benign tumors are those which do not grow uncontrollably or do not invade the neighboring tissues or spread through the body.


  • Malignant tumors are those which spread uncontrollably damage to other parts of the body.

 What causes cancer?

The exact reasons for cancer are not known yet. However, some of the reasons could be change in food habits, increased use of pesticides, sedentary lifestyle with lack of physical exercise, pollution and others.

With growing research and technology it is seen that cancer is curable if detected in an early stage. Oncology is divided into medical oncology/ surgical oncology, radiation oncology and palliative medicine.

  • Medical oncology deals with the treatment of cancer with medicines called chemotherapy in which medicines can be taken in form of tablets or as injections that should be taken intravenously.


  • Surgical oncology deals with treatment of cancer by surgically removing the tumor. Surgical oncology is a solution for cancers in early stage or advanced local tumors.


  • Radiation oncology is the treatment of cancer through radiation therapy which is administered in daily fractions for over weeks. This treatment can be used as a sole treatment or can be given in combination with chemotherapy. Radiation is at times used in treating the locally advanced cancers prior to the surgery to make the surgery possible.


  • Palliative medicine deals with patients who are not physically fit to go through the other treatments. In the advanced stages when cancer does not respond to radiation, chemotherapy or surgery palliative medicine is used to address the physical, emotional, spiritual and social issues that arise with advanced illness.

 Noble Hospital, which is one of the best hospitals for cancer treatment has a full fledged and well equipped department of oncology. The state of the art facilities of the oncology department provides services like medical oncology, surgical oncology and radiation oncology.

 Medical Oncology has 11 bedded day care ward and has expertise in administering of all advanced chemotherapy treatments while the Surgical Oncology has modern operation theatres which is well supported by an efficiently-run ICU. The Onco-Pathology department with its outstanding facilities has facilities for the correct diagnosis of cancer. It is also home to services like dieticians, psychologists, physiotherapists and rehabilitation which play an important role in treatment of cancer. For more details log on to:

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