Jim Corbett Wildlife Sanctuary was established on 08 August 1936 when it was known as Hailey National Park, named as it was after the then Governor of the United Provinces (now UP) in India. Subsequently the name of the sanctuary was changed after Jim Corbett, one of the greatest naturalists and wildlife photographers. It is probably the country’s most beautiful wildlife and nature park. It is from here that the Project Tiger was launched on 01 April, 1973.
Till today Jim Corbett Wildlife Sanctuary is synonymous with the elusive and nocturnal Royal Bengal Tiger. However, the sanctuary with a total area of more than 1288 sq km and a reserve forest of more than 460 sq km is home to some of the rarest and most beautiful flora and fauna that can be seen anywhere in this part of the world.
The main flora found in abundance in Jim Corbett Wildlife Sanctuary situated at a height between 400 m and 1200 m includes trees such as khair, ber, kuthber, sal, dhak, rohini and bamboo. The fauna is very diverse and includes mammals such as the tiger and leopard, several species of the deer, bear, boar and monkeys. There are hundreds of species of birds too such as the falcon, pheasant, peacock, drongo, partridge and the eagle and cormorant.
The Ramganga River flows through most of the park and due to this there are several forms of reptiles that include the Indian marsh crocodile (mugger), the gharial, King Cobra, krait, Cobra and Russell’s Viper among several others. This river is also the location for one of the few fishing tours India can boast of.
The fame of the sanctuary brings hordes of tourists mainly interested in wildlife. There are different kinds of safari to take the tourists around to see the diverse wildlife such as the jeep safari, elephant safari and the horse safari. In order to accommodate the enthusiasts in angling there are fishing tours organized in this sanctuary, among the few in India.
Fishing tours India conducted in this sanctuary are the sustainable angling type. The anglers prefer the Golden or Himalayan Mahaseer besides the silver and the black varieties. The angling for these in the crystal clear waters of the Ramganga offer some of the finest treats of the sport experienced anywhere.
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