Eco –tourism is more than a catch phrase for nature loving travel and recreation. It is holy for preserving and sustaining the diversity of the world’s natural and cultural environment. It accommodates and entertains visitors in a way that is minimally intrusive or destructive to the environment and sustains and supports the cultures in the locations it is operating in. Responsibility of both travelers and service providers is the genuine meaning for eco tour.
Eco tour also endeavors to encourage and support the diversity of local economies for which the tourism-related income is important. With support from tourists, local services and producers can complete with larger, foreign companies and local families can support themselves. Besides all these, the revenue produced from tourism helps and encourages governments to fund conservation projects and training programs.
Saving the environment around you and preserving the natural luxuries and forest life, that’s what eco-tourism is all about. Whether it’s about a nature camp or organizing trekking trips towards the unspoilt and in accessing region, one should always keep in mind not to create any disturbance in the life cycle of nature.
Eco travel tour focuses on local cultures, wilderness adventures, volunteering, personal growth and learning new ways to live on this planet. It is typically defined as travel to destinations where flora and fauna, and cultural heritage are primary attractions. Responsible eco-tourism includes programs that minimize the adverse effects of traditional tourism on the natural environment and enhance the cultural integrity of local people. Therefore, in addition to evaluating the environmental and cultural factors, initiatives by hospitality providers to promote recycling, energy efficiency, water reuse, and the creation of economic opportunities for local communities are an integral part of eco-tourism.
Historical, biological and cultural conservation, preservation, sustainable development etc are some of the fields closely related to eco tourism, many professionals have been involved in formulating and developing eco tourism policies, they come from the fields of geographic information systems, wildlife management, wildlife photography, marine biology and oceanography, national and state park management, environmental sciences, historians and archaeologists etc.
Fundamentally, eco tourism means making as little environmental impact as possible and helping to sustain the original masses, thereby encouraging the preservation of wildlife and habitats when visiting a place. This is responsible form of tourism and tourism development, which encourages going back to natural products in every aspect of life. It is also the key to sustainable ecological development.
The international eco travel society defines eco tourism as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well being of local people” this means that those who implement and participate in eco tourism activities should follow certain principles:
- Minimize impact
- Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect
- Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts
- Provide direct financial benefits for conservation
- Provide financial benefits and empowerment for local people
- Raise sensitivity to host countries' political, environmental, and social climate
- Support international human rights and labor agreements.