June 05 2013 : Bharat Book Bureau presents the new report "Low Latency in Asia-Pacific: an Infrastructure View" Asian markets are undergoing a paradigm shift as they mature, grow and react to the redistribution of global wealth.
Asian markets are undergoing a paradigm shift as they mature, grow and react to the redistribution of global wealth. Markets in the US and Europe have been undergoing rapid change over the last few years with volumes rising, spreads tightening, and significant growth in high frequency and algorithmic trading, together with widespread regulatory change. Some of these changes are spreading to Asian markets with the changing financial landscape presenting a number of challenges. From a technology infrastructure perspective the demand will be on supporting changing business requirements.
Asia is not just another US or European environment. Over 20 electronic trading venues, which are fragmented by geography and regulations, currently operate in Asia. There are nearly 50 exchanges, 16 of these APAC bourses are members of the world federation of exchanges. Asia is expected to be the main equity growth area before Latin America (LATAM), where Hong Kong is seen as the freest economy in the world to do business, and there is a track record of market co-operation with cross-listings that help exchanges stay relevant and improve liquidity. The additional regulatory burden in the US and Europe over the last few years also helps to make Asia attractive.
As trading volumes have increased and spreads have tightened, which in themselves have been enabled by electronic trading, competition has increased and it has become more difficult to generate returns. One of the key infrastructural differences between trading venues in Asia and those in Europe or the US is the sheer physical distances between them. In the not too distant past Asia was thought to have a lower quality infrastructure than developed nations in North America and Europe. However, widespread government investments in infrastructure projects in the region have seen significant improvements in core underlying infrastructure critical to a stable trading platform.
The Exchange industry has moved from technology enabled to technology centric, and thus technology is a key differentiator for exchanges. Asia has a small number of Alternative Trading Systems (ATSs) in comparison with Europe or the US, although the number is gradually increasing. Regulations can significantly slow down the process of granting of a license, and the incumbent exchanges often take advantage of this delay to update their systems. As competition increases and exchanges see threats to their existing revenue streams, colocation and proximity hosting provide a convenient, stable, alternative revenue stream, both for the datacentre business and for preserving liquidity.
Table of Contents
Asian Markets Are Growing
The Importance of e-Trading in Asia-Pacific Is on the Rise
Regulatory Fragmentation Creates Trading Complexity
Latency Is Important for e-Trading
Distances in Asia-Pacific Make Network Latency a Priority
Trading Infrastructure Is Developed Sufficiently to Enable Stable Platforms
Technology Is a Differentiator for Exchanges
Review of Exchanges in Asia-Pacific
The ASEAN Trading Link
Tier-1 Banks Focus on Sydney
Vendor Solutions Are Developing to Ease Colocation
Current Exchange Colocation and Proximity Offerings
Table of Figures
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Low Latency in Asia-Pacific: an Infrastructure View