It is a terrible shock for parents to discover that their child has a disability that has no cure and will affect their kid’s entire life-autism is one such disease. Though it is easier said than done, it is important to acquire as much information on autism as possible. This will not help deal with already diagnosed cases of autism, it will help parents and caregivers to read the early signs of the disorder. True, the disease has no known cures but all is not lost. There are medications and special training, which allows autistic kids a chance to have an almost normal life.
The first thing one should know is that autism is also called Autism Spectrum Disorder. That is because there are different symptoms in different people and there are many variations of the disease. When you look up information on autism, you will find the following to be in close relationship.
- Classic Autism
- Asperger’s Syndrome
- Pervasive Developmental Disorder- Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)
These are various degrees of Autism, however, do not let the terminologies confuse you. The fact is, the disorder and all its variations affect each child differently, except some common traits. One should thus focus more on the child’s individual needs above all. Here is some information on Autism so that you understand the disorder better.
There is no known cause of autism; the best autism information available on this aspect is it is most likely a genetic disorder. It has been noted that the trend of autism tends to run in a family, which further supports the genetic theory. Some theorise that ingestion of certain toxins during pregnancy could be a cause; while others believe the increase in autism registered around the globe might indicate that there are some environmental causes to it as well.
Whatever the cause, the end result is that their brains do not develop or function normally, which causes all their ailments.
Although, as mentioned earlier there are many variations of the disease, there are some information on autism symptoms:
- Limited or no eye contact
- Lack of or inappropriate facial expressions
- Not showing the early signs of non-verbal communications like pointing
- Delayed and limited speech development
- Repetitive speech, often repeating others’ words
- Insensitive to voice tones indicating anger, happiness or any kind of emotion
- Repetitive actions like flapping arms
- Do not like changes in routine
- Have an odd, expressionless tone of voice, if they speak
These are some basic symptoms but it is not necessary that all these symptoms need to be present for the person to be autistic; they are more like guidelines.