The field of medicine has various specialties under it which deals with the diseases and disorders of various parts of human body. One of the specialties of medicine is Urology. It deals with the study, diagnosis and treating medical and surgical problems of the urinary tracts in both males and females and the male reproductive organs. The organs that are covered under urology are kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra and the male reproductive organs like testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostrate and penis.
Since the urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, the disorder of one can easily affect the other. Being challenging and highly competitive, it poses challenges along its way to urologists (doctors who diagnose and treat problems related to urology). The conditions of urology come in the area of genitourinary disorders. Urology is closely related to medical fields of oncology, nephrology, gynecology, andrology, gastroenterology and endocrinology. The sub-specialties of urology are endourology, laparoscopy, urologic oncology, neurourology, pediatric urology, andrology, reconstructive urology and urogynecology.
Urologic disease can involve congenital or acquired dysfunction of the urinary system. The doctors, who study, diagnose and treat any urological disorders and diseases are called urologists. While problems like urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia come under medical urology, management of cancers and correction of congenital abnormalities come under surgical urology. Although all urological problems are not fatal, they call for immediate medical intervention as these could have impact on other parts of the body.
Some of the diseases that are related to urology are kidney and urinary tract disease, kidney stones, urinary incontinence, benign prostatic hyperplasia, urologic cancers of prostrate, bladder, testicular, kidney and adrenal. Problems of urinary system may be caused due to various reasons like aging and illness or injury. Aging may cause the kidney to lose its ability to remove waste from blood. It may also cause the muscles in the ureters, bladder and urethra to lose some of their strength causing some infections as the bladder loses the ability to tighten enough to empty completely. Damage to kidneys can also be caused due to illness and injuries preventing them from completing the filtration of blood.
Symptoms of Kidney or Urinary tract disease:
Some of the symptoms of kidney and urinary tract diseases include frequent headaches, fatigue, burning sensation or difficulty during urination, itchiness, frequent urination particularly at night, infrequent urination, blood in urine, nausea, puffiness around eyes, swelling of hands and feet, loss of appetite, darkening of skin, muscle cramps and high blood pressure. As these symptoms are also associated with many other problems, confirmation from an urologist is necessary.
Lithotripsy is one of the treatments related to the kidney stones. In case of stones which are larger in size and unable to pass through the urine stream, shock waves are administered to break them into smaller chunks which can pass through urine stream.
The best hospitals for urology in Pune, with highly qualified urologists have expertise in treating all kinds of problems related to urinary tracts in both males and females along with the male reproductive organ.
Best Medical Facilities for Urology in Pune