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Troubleshooting STOP error caused due to registry

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In the Windows operating systems, the Registry Editor is the store where the configuration settings and options regarding various components of Windows is saved. If anything goes wrong with some critical registry entries, then the system may be unable to start. However, there are some way-outs that would rescue from these situations. Well, if none of these workarounds work then the use of a third-party data recovery tools is the need of the hour.

Taking a similar example, consider you get the following error message while you are starting your Windows 2000 system:

"Stop: 0xc0000218 {Registry File Failure}
The registry cannot load the hive (file):
\SystemRoot\System32\Config\SYSTEM or its log or alternate.
It is corrupt, absent, or not writable."


Cause:
This STOP error may have occurred because of the following reasons:

- A critical registry hive file is unable to load during startup. Either the file is missing or damaged because of hard disk corruption or any other hardware incompatibility.
- The driver may have damaged the registry data while it was being loaded in the memory.
- There is a parity error when the registry is loading in the memory during the startup.

Resolution:
The following steps should be performed to perform a parallel installation of the Windows 2000 operating system get the it back on track:

- Insert the Windows 2000 CD and start the system in the Recovery Console.
- Run the chkdsk /p command to run scandisk on the computer.
- Restart the computer.
- When Windows loads, press the Space Bar key when the 'Load Last Known Good' message is displayed.
- Install Windows in a separate folder.
- Restore the damaged registry hive from a backup folder.
- Copy the required registry files to the following folder:
%SYSTEMROOT%\System32\config
- Restart the system. It should start without any problems now.

Although this method is somewhat successful in brining normalcy in the Windows 2000 system, it should be performed under supervision of a trained technician as it involves modifying the registry entries. You may very well know that if any further damage happens with the registry, then resolving this situation would get even murkier.

In such cases, the use of third-party data recovery tools is the best step that you can take. These tools are able to recover data with maximum accuracy without any damage to the existing data.

Among various tools available, the most trusted is Stellar Phoenix Windows Data Recovery, which extracts data from inaccessible storage devices. This RAID data recovery software is supported by FAT, exFAT, and NTFS file systems. In addition, this file data recovery tool is compatible with Windows 7, Vista, Server 2003, XP, and 2000.

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