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Know about cerebral palsy and Down syndrome

by swethar

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What is Cerebral palsy?  

Cerebral palsy is a type of disorder which affects an individual’s capability to move or maintain balance. Usually, this disorder occurs early in life and gets worsened with the passage time. People experiencing this kind of problem often find it hard to walk, write or use tools like scissors. Patients may also experience other medical conditions like mental impairment or seizure disorders.

Cerebral palsy is a common disorder, which crops up when the brain areas controlling the posture and movement are damaged. Signs of this disorder can occur from as early as three years. Babies with this disorder are usually slow at crawling, sitting, smiling or walking. While some are born with this disorder, others may develop the same post birth. There isn’t any permanent cure for this disorder, however with proper treatment the condition can be improved for sure. Treatment includes braces, medications, as well as various therapies. 

Down Syndrome- What is it?

Down syndrome is an exclusive and usual chromosomal disorder related to mental retardation. According to estimation, one out of every 800 newborns is affected with this disorder. For certain reason, if there’s an abnormality in the cell development which results in 47 and not the usual 46 chromosomes then this can give way to Down syndrome. This additional chromosome changes the course of intellectual and physical development. Mostly, Down syndrome is detected through a chromosome test conducted shortly post birth.

Abdominal disorders and heart defects are common in those born with down syndrome. They also experience hearing and eyesight impairments, chiefly because of less efficient immune system. However, if diagnosed early most of these complications may be treated. Besides, not all are susceptible to these symptoms and there are many children who don’t show any form of complications.

Individuals with Down syndrome are more susceptible to hormonal problems when compared to others. Nearly 10% of newborns and 50% of grown with Down syndrome get thyroid diseases. Fortunately, this disease can be treated easily with medicines. Visual problems like farsightedness, cataracts, nearsightedness, or crossed eyes are common in most affected with this disorder. Fortunately, majority of these problems may be treated with surgery or glasses when needed. Hearing impairments are equally common. This is why kids with Down syndrome are asked to go in for routine vision and hearing tests so that the problems are corrected before they hinder the usual language development.

Is there any connection between cerebral palsy and Down syndrome?

An important feature of Down syndrome is that infants and fetuses having this disorder are usually resistant to the prenatal development of cerebral palsy. This is chiefly because of insufficient oxygen supply. In fact, kids with this disorder run at a lesser risk of developing cerebral palsy when compared to others.

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